Eric Fontaine

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We have investigated the regulation of the permeability transition pore (PTP), a cyclosporin A-sensitive channel, in rat skeletal muscle mitochondria. As is the case with mitochondria isolated from a variety of sources, skeletal muscle mitochondria can undergo a permeability transition following Ca2+ uptake in the presence of Pi. We find that the PTP(More)
Hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress is detrimental for endothelial cells, contributing to the vascular complications of diabetes. The mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) is an oxidative stress-sensitive channel involved in cell death; therefore, we have examined its potential role in endothelial cells exposed to oxidative stress or high(More)
Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was investigated in mitochondria extracted from liver of rats treated with or without metformin, a mild inhibitor of respiratory chain complex 1 used in type 2 diabetes. A high rate of ROS production, fully suppressed by rotenone, was evidenced in non-phosphorylating mitochondria in the presence of(More)
To identify the structural features required for regulation of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) by ubiquinone analogs (Fontaine, E., Ichas, F., and Bernardi, P. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 40, 25734-25740), we have carried out an analysis with quinone structural variants. We show that three functional classes can be defined: (i) PTP inhibitors(More)
The purpose of this work was to investigate the mechanism of regulation of mitochondrial respiration in vivo in different muscles of normal rat and mice, and in transgenic mice deficient in desmin. Skinned fiber technique was used to study the mitochondrial respiration in the cells in vivo in the heart, soleus and white gastrocnemius skeletal muscles of(More)
Oxidative damage has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy and neurodegenerative diseases. Recent evidence suggests that the antidiabetic drug metformin prevents oxidative stress-related cellular death in non-neuronal cell lines. In this report, we point to the direct neuroprotective effect of metformin, using the(More)
Metformin, a drug widely used in the treatment of Type II diabetes, has recently received attention owing to new findings regarding its mitochondrial and cellular effects. In the present study, the effects of metformin on respiration, complex 1 activity, mitochondrial permeability transition, cytochrome c release and cell death were investigated in cultured(More)
This review summarizes recent work on the regulation of the permeability transition pore, a cyclosporin A-sensitive mitochondrial channel that may play a role in intracellular calcium homeostasis and in a variety of forms of cell death. The basic bioenergetics aspects of pore modulation are discussed, with some emphasis on the links between oxidative stress(More)
We have studied the effect of nitric oxide (NO) and potassium cyanide (KCN) on oxidative phosphorylation efficiency. Concentrations of NO or KCN that decrease resting oxygen consumption by 10-20% increased oxidative phosphorylation efficiency in mitochondria oxidizing succinate or palmitoyl-L-carnitine, but not in mitochondria oxidizing malate plus(More)
PURPOSE We examine the relationship of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and finasteride on the risk of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Participants in this case control study using a prospective collection of data were drawn from consecutive patients who underwent prostate biopsy at 12 different departments of urology from January 1999 to June(More)