Eric F. Pane

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The acute mechanism of toxicity of waterborne nickel (Ni) was investigated in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in moderately hard ( approximately 140 mg l(-1) as CaCO(3)) Lake Ontario water, where the 96-h LC(50) for juvenile trout (1.5-3.5 g) was 15.3 mg (12.7-19.0, 95% C.L.) dissolved Ni l(-1). No marked impact of Ni exposure on average(More)
A suite of respiratory, acid-base, ionoregulatory, hematological, and stress parameters were examined in adult rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after chronic exposure to a sublethal level of dietary Cd (500 mg/kg diet) for 45 days and during a subsequent challenge to waterborne Cd (10 microg/L) for 72 h. Blood sampling via an indwelling arterial catheter(More)
In rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), following chronic (42 day) exposure to both 384 microg Ni l(-1) and 2034 microg Ni l(-1), Ni accumulation was greatest in the gill, kidney and plasma, with the plasma as the main sink for Ni. Indeed, trapped plasma analysis revealed that extensive loading of Ni in the plasma accounted for substantial percentages of(More)
We present evidence that Mg2+ antagonism is one mechanism for acute toxicity of waterborne Ni to Daphnia magna. Acutely, adult D. magna were exposed to either control or 694 microg Ni L(-1) as NiSO4 in moderately soft water (45 mg L(-1) as CaCO3; background Ni approximately 1 microg Ni L(-1)) for 48 h without feeding. Chronically, adults were exposed to(More)
The possible nephrotoxic effects of waterborne lead exposure (as Pb(NO3)2) were investigated in the freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Kidney lead accumulation was time-dependent, increasing upon exposure to 0.57+/-0.01 mg dissolved Pb L(-1) for up to 96 h with a significantly higher burden occurring in the posterior kidney compared to the(More)
Humic substances are ubiquitous components of natural waters with important roles in alleviating metal toxicity to aquatic organisms. Recent literature reports suggest that humic substances may also exert direct influences on biota. This study investigated the influence of two commercially available humic substances on sodium metabolism in Daphnia magna, a(More)
In a 21-d chronic toxicity test in which an F0 generation of Daphnia magna were exposed to waterborne Ni, the no-observable-effect concentration (for survival, reproduction, and growth) was 42 microg Ni L(-1), or 58% of the measured 21-d median lethal concentration (LC50) of 71.9 microg Ni L(-1) (95% confidence interval, 56.5-95.0). Chronic exposure to 85(More)
When compared to the sublittoral Dungeness crab Cancer magister, the deep-sea Tanner crab Chionoecetes tanneri exhibited lower activities of enzymes involved in some of the processes essential for efficient acid–base regulation. Tissue enzymatic activities were compared between Dungeness crabs held in normoxia and Tanner crabs held in hypoxia—both(More)
Renal function was investigated in adult rainbow trout following acute and prolonged exposure to waterborne Ni in moderately hard Lake Ontario water (approximately 140 mgL(-1) as CaCO3). Fish were exposed for 36 days to a sublethal concentration of 442 microg Ni L(-1), followed by 96 h of exposure to 12,850 microg Ni L(-1) (approximately 33% of the 96 h(More)
The effects of acute Ni exposure on the marine gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) were investigated via separate exposures to waterborne nickel (Ni) and arterially infused Ni. Of the plasma electrolytes measured after 72 h of waterborne exposure (215.3 and 606.1 microM Ni in SW (salinity of 34)), only plasma [Ca2+] was significantly impacted (approximately 55%(More)