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Tubular reabsorption of filtered sodium is quantitatively the main contribution of kidneys to salt and water homeostasis. The transcellular reabsorption of sodium proceeds by a two-step mechanism: Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase-energized basolateral active extrusion of sodium permits passive apical entry through various sodium transport systems. In the past 15 years,(More)
Aims/hypothesis. C-peptide, the cleavage product of proinsulin processing exerts physiological effects including stimulation of Na+,K+-ATPase in erythrocytes and renal proximal tubules. This study was undertaken to assess the physiological effects of connecting peptide on Na+,K+-ATPase activity in the medullary thick ascending limb of Henle's loop.(More)
BACKGROUND In rat kidney medullary thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (MTAL), activation of protein kinase A (PKA) was previously reported to inhibit Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity. This is paradoxical with the known stimulatory effect of cAMP on sodium reabsorption. Because this inhibition was mediated by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activation, a pathway(More)
Aldosterone controls sodium reabsorption and potassium secretion in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron (ASDN). Although clearance measurements have shown that aldosterone induces these transports within 30--60 min, no early effects have been demonstrated in vivo at the level of the apical epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), the main effector of this(More)
The collecting duct is the site of final Na reabsorption according to Na balance requirements. Using isolated rat cortical collecting ducts (CCD) and mpkCCD(cl4) cells, a mouse cortical collecting duct cell line, we have studied the physiological control of Na,K-ATPase, the key enzyme that energizes Na reabsorption. Aldosterone, a major regulator of Na(More)
In the mammalian kidney the fine control of Na+ reabsorption takes place in collecting duct principal cells where basolateral Na,K-ATPase provides the driving force for vectorial Na+ transport. In the cortical collecting duct (CCD), a rise in intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) was shown to increase Na,K-ATPase activity and the number of ouabain(More)
The kidney medulla is exposed to very high interstitial osmolarity leading to the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). However, the respective roles of increased intracellular osmolality and of cell shrinkage in MAPK activation are not known. Similarly, the participation of MAPK in the regulatory volume increase (RVI) following cell(More)
Dopamine inhibits Na+,K+-ATPase activity in renal tubule cells. This inhibition is associated with phosphorylation and internalization of the alpha subunit, both events being protein kinase C-dependent. Studies of purified preparations, fusion proteins with site-directed mutagenesis, and heterologous expression systems have identified two major protein(More)
Phosphorylation of the alpha-subunit of Na+,K(+)-ATPase plays an important role in the regulation of this pump. Recent studies suggest that insulin, known to increase solute and fluid reabsorption in mammalian proximal convoluted tubule (PCT), is stimulating Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity through the tyrosine phosphorylation process. This study was therefore(More)
Edema and ascites in nephrotic syndrome mainly result from increased Na+ reabsorption along connecting tubules and cortical collecting ducts (CCD). In puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-induced nephrosis, increased Na+ reabsorption is associated with increased activity of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and Na+,K+-ATPase, two targets of aldosterone.(More)