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Tubular reabsorption of filtered sodium is quantitatively the main contribution of kidneys to salt and water homeostasis. The transcellular reabsorption of sodium proceeds by a two-step mechanism: Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase-energized basolateral active extrusion of sodium permits passive apical entry through various sodium transport systems. In the past 15 years,(More)
Tonicity-responsive binding-protein (TonEBP or NFAT5) is a widely expressed transcription factor whose activity is regulated by extracellular tonicity. TonEBP plays a key role in osmoprotection by binding to osmotic response element/TonE elements of genes that counteract the deleterious effects of cell shrinkage. Here, we show that in addition to this(More)
Inhibition of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase (NKA) activity in renal epithelial cells by activation of G protein-coupled receptors is mediated by phosphorylation of the catalytic alpha-subunit followed by endocytosis of active molecules. We examined whether agonists that counteract this effect do so by dephosphorylation of the alpha-subunit or by preventing its(More)
Collecting duct (CD) principal cells are exposed to large physiologic variations of apical Na ؉ influx as a result of variations of Na ؉ intake and extrarenal losses. It was shown previously that increasing intracellular [Na ؉ ] induces recruitment of Na,K-ATPase to the cell surface in a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent manner in both native and cultured(More)
The alpha1 subunit of Na,K-ATPase is phosphorylated at Ser-16 by phorbol ester-sensitive protein kinase(s) C (PKC). The role of Ser-16 phosphorylation was analyzed in COS-7 cells stably expressing wild-type or mutant (T15A/S16A and S16D-E) ouabain-resistant Bufo alpha1 subunits. In cells incubated at 37 degrees C, phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBu) inhibited(More)
In relation to dietary Na(+) intake and aldosterone levels, collecting duct principal cells are exposed to large variations in Na(+) transport. In these cells, Na(+) crosses the apical membrane via epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaC) and is extruded into the interstitium by Na,K-ATPase. The activity of ENaC and Na,K-ATPase must be highly coordinated to(More)
The final control of renal water reabsorption occurs in the collecting duct (CD) and relies on regulated expression of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) in principal CD cells. AQP2 transcription is primarily induced by type 2 vasopressin receptor (V2R)-cAMP-protein kinase A (PKA) signaling but also by other factors, including TonEBP and NF-κB. NAPDH oxidase 4 (NOX4)(More)
Constitutive expression of the transcription factor Snail was previously shown to trigger complete epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The aim of this study was to determine whether inducible expression of Snail could modify epithelial properties without eliciting full mesenchymal conversion. For this purpose, we expressed mouse Snail (mSnail) cDNA in(More)
Interstitial oedema is a common clinical expression of nephrotic syndrome. Expansion of the interstitial compartment is secondary to the accumulation of sodium in the extracellular compartment, due to an imbalance between oral or parenteral sodium intake and urinary sodium output, along with alterations of fluid transfer across capillary walls. The(More)
Urinary exosomes and microvesicles (EMV) are promising biomarkers for renal diseases. Although the density of EMV is very low in urine, large quantity of urine can be easily obtained. In order to analyze urinary EMV mRNA, a unique filter device to adsorb urinary EMV from 10 mL urine was developed, which is far more convenient than the standard(More)