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Norepinephrine (NE) is synthesized in the Locus Coeruleus (LC) of the brainstem, from where it is released by axonal varicosities throughout the brain via volume transmission. A wealth of data from clinics and from animal models indicates that this catecholamine coordinates the activity of the central nervous system (CNS) and of the whole organism by(More)
The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6) interacts with the central nervous system in a largely unknown manner. We used a genetically modified mouse strain (GFAP-sgp130Fc, TG) and wild type (WT) mice to determine whether IL-6 trans-signaling contributes to basal properties of synaptic transmission. Postsynaptic currents (PSCs) were studied by(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a syndrome of diverse neuropsychiatric diseases of growing incidence characterized by repetitive conduct and impaired social behavior and communication for which effective pharmacological treatment is still unavailable. While the mechanisms and etiology of ASD are still unknown, a consensus is emerging about the synaptic(More)
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