Eric E de Groot

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Increased arterial stiffness is a risk factor for mortality in adults over 40 yr of age with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). As no data exist on vascular changes in young adults with ESRD since childhood, a long-term outcome study was performed. All living Dutch adult patients with onset of ESRD between 1972 and 1992 at age 0 to 14 yr were invited for(More)
INTRODUCTION Central venous cannulation is crucial in the management of the critical care patient. This study was designed to evaluate whether real-time ultrasound-guided cannulation of the internal jugular vein is superior to the standard landmark method. METHODS In this randomised study, 450 critical care patients who underwent real-time(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral blood flow tests have increasingly been advocated for the confirmation of brain death (BD). Angiography has been considered the gold standard in the diagnosis of BD but is invasive. We validated transcranial color Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) to confirm BD by comparing it to angiography. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty patients experienced(More)
Patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia have severe coronary-artery disease early in adult life. Whether lipid-lowering treatment should be started in childhood remains to be established. We therefore assessed 201 children heterozygous for familial hypercholesterolaemia and 80 unaffected siblings (both age ranges 8-18 years) with B-mode ultrasound to(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Genetic disorders of HDL metabolism are rare and, as a result, the assessment of atherosclerosis risk in individuals suffering from these disorders has been difficult. Ultrasound imaging of carotid arteries has provided a tool to assess the risk in hereditary hypo and hyperalphalipoproteinemia. This review gives a comprehensive summary. (More)
BACKGROUND Arterial stiffness gains attention as a potential mechanism underlying the frequently found association between depression or anxiety and cardiovascular disease. However, observations regarding stiffness and psychopathology were often based on small samples. The current study aimed to examine whether subjects with a diagnosis of depressive or(More)
BACKGROUND Our aim was to compare common carotid mean wall thickness (MWT) measurements by 3.0-T MRI with B-mode ultrasound common carotid intima-media thickness (CCIMT) measurements, a validated surrogate marker for cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS B-mode ultrasound and 3.0-T MRI scans of the left and right common carotid arteries were(More)
Large observational studies and atherosclerosis regression trials of lipid-modifying pharmacotherapy have established that intima-media thickness of the carotid and femoral arteries, as measured noninvasively by B-mode ultrasound, is a valid surrogate marker for the progression of atherosclerotic disease. To exploit fully the potential of ultrasound imaging(More)
OBJECTIVE A low plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) concentration is an important risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. HDL-c levels are abnormally low in type I Gaucher disease (GD) patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether GD is associated with premature atherosclerosis. METHODS Lipid(More)
BACKGROUND Prospective epidemiological studies have shown that low plasma levels of HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite nearly 40 years of research, however, it is unclear whether this also holds true for individuals with severely reduced levels of HDL-C due to mutations in the(More)