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The recruitment of primordial follicles to initiate folliculogenesis determines the population of developing follicles available for ovulation and directly regulates female reproductive efficiency. In the current study, a floating organ culture system was used to examine the progression of primordial (stage 0) follicles to developing (stages 1-4) follicles(More)
In a sexually mature female, primordial follicles continuously leave the arrested pool and undergo the primordial to primary follicle transition. The oocytes increase in size and the surrounding squamous pre-granulosa cells become cuboidal and proliferate to form a layer of cuboidal cells around the growing oocyte. This development of the primordial(More)
The ovary contains a pool of primordial follicles containing oocytes arrested in meiosis that are the source of developing follicles for the female. Growth and differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9) is a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily of growth factors, and follicles of GDF-9 knockout mice arrest in the primary stage of development. The(More)
The growth and development of follicles within the ovary are highly dependent on autocrine and paracrine signaling involving growth factors from granulosa cells, theca cells, stromal interstitial cells, and the oocytes. The growth factor bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) and its receptor (BMPR-IB) have been detected in ovaries, and a mutation in BMPR-IB(More)
A critical step in ovarian biology is the transition of the developmentally arrested primordial follicle to the growing primary follicle. The current study utilizes a rat ovarian organ culture system to investigate the role of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in this process. Four-day-old rat ovaries were cultured and the degree of(More)
Two critical processes in ovarian biology are the assembly of the primordial follicles early in development and then the subsequent development and transition of the primordial follicle to the primary follicle. These processes directly effect the number of oocytes available to a female throughout her reproductive life. Once the pool of primordial follicles(More)
BACKGROUND Ancestral environmental exposures to a variety of environmental factors and toxicants have been shown to promote the epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of adult onset disease. The present work examined the potential transgenerational actions of the insecticide dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) on obesity and associated disease. (More)
An important but poorly understood process in ovarian biology is the transition of the developmentally arrested primordial follicle to the developing primary follicle. Interactions between the epithelial and mesenchymal cells of the follicle are critical for the coordination of ovarian follicle development. The mesenchymal growth factor keratinocyte growth(More)
Stromal cells are essential for the progression of many cancers including ovarian tumors. Stromal cell-epithelial cell interactions are important for tumor development, growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis. In the current study, the effects of normal ovarian bovine stromal cells on ovarian tumor progression was investigated. The hypothesis tested is that(More)
The assembly of the developmentally arrested primordial follicle and subsequent transition to the primary follicle are poorly understood processes critical to ovarian biology. Abnormal primordial follicle development can lead to pathologies such as premature ovarian failure. The current study used a genome-wide expression profile to investigate primordial(More)