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The connections of limbic structures are remarkably constant across species. However, different species express fear in distinct ways. Because the central amygdaloid nucleus is considered an important mediator of fear responses, we compared the physiological properties of central amygdala neurons in guinea pigs, rats and cats using whole-cell recordings in(More)
Numerous studies and reviews support an important contribution of endogenous opioid peptide systems in the mediation, modulation, and regulation of stress responses including endocrine (hypothalamopituitary-adrenal, HPA axis), autonomic nervous system (ANS axis), and behavioral responses. Although several discrepancies exist, the most consistent finding(More)
The lateral part of the ventral bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (vlBNST) is a critical site for the antiaversive effects of noradrenergic drugs during opioid withdrawal. The objective of the present study is to identify the cellular action(s) of noradrenaline in the vlBNST after withdrawal from a 5d treatment with morphine. The vlBNST is a heterogeneous(More)
The lateral amygdaloid (LA) nucleus is the main input station of the amygdala for sensory afferents. However, it is unclear how the lateral nucleus transforms these inputs, because its intrinsic connectivity is poorly understood. Here, we took advantage of the fact that glutamatergic neurons of the lateral nucleus send a primarily unidirectional projection(More)
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST) is a basal forebrain structure considered to be part of a cortico-striato-pallidal system that coordinates autonomic, neuroendocrine and behavioural physiological responses. Recent evidence suggests that the BST plays a role in the emotional aspect of pain. The objective of the present study was to further(More)
A number of image quality metrics are based on psy-chophysical models of the human visual system. We propose a new framework for image quality assessment, gathering three indexes describing the image quality in terms of visual performance, visual appearance, and visual attention. These indexes are built on three vision models grounded on psychophysical(More)
Estimating the atmospheric or meteorological visibility distance is very important for air and ground transport safety, as well as for air quality. However , there is no holistic approach to tackle the problem by camera. Most existing methods are data-driven approaches which perform a linear regression between the contrast in the scene and the visual range(More)
The visibility level (VL) approach is often applied to assess the performance of vehicle lighting systems. After describing the details of the VL computational model, we review how it is ordinarily implemented for assessing night-time visibility in driving conditions. Then we present an evolution of the VL approach which consists in evaluating visible edges(More)
Understanding the neurobiology of motivation might help in reducing compulsive behaviors such as drug addiction or eating disorders. This study shows that excitatory synaptic transmission was enhanced in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis of rats that performed an operant task to obtain cocaine or palatable food. There was no effect when cocaine or(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of prosthetic heart valves currently implanted are tissue valves that can be expected to degenerate with time and eventually fail. Repeat cardiac surgery to replace these valves is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Transcatheter heart valve implantation within a failed bioprosthesis, a "valve-in-valve" procedure,(More)