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The free thiols 3-mercapto-hexanol (3MH) and its acetate, practically absent from musts, are liberated by yeast during fermentation from a cysteinylated precursor [S-3-(hexan-1-ol)-l-cysteine (Cys-3MH)] present in the grape must and contribute favorably to the flavor of Sauvignon white wines. Production of 3MH is increased when urea is substituted for(More)
Several extreme thermophilic Gram negative bacteria found in a thermally polluted river in Belgium have been compared with Thermus strains isolated from widely distant geographical areas. This analysis has become possible after the design of a new culture medium (162). All strains examined (including the isolate successively denominated Flavobacterium(More)
The molar conversion yield of Cys-3MH into 3MH, during alcoholic fermentation, was traced using a deuterated isotope of the precursor added to different Sauvignon Blanc musts. This yield is close to that found in synthetic media supplemented with synthetic Cys-3MH, that is, below 1%. Yet, this represents only 3-7% of the total 3MH production in wine. This(More)
Despite recent technical improvements, the construction of recombinant adenovirus vectors remains a time-consuming procedure which requires extensive manipulations of the viral genome in both Escherichia coli and eukaryotic cells. This report describes a novel system based on the cloning and manipulation of the full-length adenovirus genome as a stable(More)
We report on the production of hydrocortisone, the major adrenal glucocorticoid of mammals and an important intermediate of steroidal drug synthesis, from a simple carbon source by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. An artificial and fully self-sufficient biosynthetic pathway involving 13 engineered genes was assembled and expressed in a single(More)
While studying the effect of steroids on the growth of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we found that pregnenolone was converted into the acetate ester. This reaction was identified as a transfer of the acetyl group from acetyl-CoA to the 3beta-hydroxyl group of pregnenolone. The corresponding enzyme, acetyl-CoA:pregnenolone acetyltransferase (APAT) is(More)
The first two steps of the steroidogenic pathway were reproduced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Engineering of sterol biosynthesis by disruption of the delta 22-desaturase gene and introduction of the Arabidopsis thaliana delta 7-reductase activity and coexpression of bovine side chain cleavage cytochrome P450, adrenodoxin, and adrenodoxin reductase, lead to(More)
Cloned cDNAs have been isolated that encode a variant of hirudin, a potent thrombin inhibitor that is secreted by the salivary glands of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis. This variant probably corresponds to a form that has been purified from leech heads but differs in amino acid sequence from the hirudin purified from whole leeches. There are at(More)
Ovine trophoblastin (oTP) is a natural interferon of the class-II interferon-alpha subfamily. Recombinant ovine trophoblastin (r.oTP), produced by genetic engineering, was purified by anion-exchange HPLC. The product exhibited a high degree of homogeneity (greater than 98%), and similar immunological cross reaction and antiviral activity to natural oTP.(More)
We have investigated whether DNA regions present in the rabbit whey acidic protein (WAP) promoter/5' flanking sequence could potentially confer, in vivo, high level expression of reporter genes. Transgenic mice were generated expressing a variant of human alpha 1-antitrypsin, which has inhibitory activity against plasma kallikrein under the control of a(More)