Learn More
The vitamin D receptor (VDR) has both 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-dependent and -independent actions in the epidermis. Ligand-dependent actions of the VDR have been shown to promote keratinocyte differentiation and to regulate formation of the epidermal barrier. In contrast, the actions of the VDR that regulate postmorphogenic hair cycling do not require(More)
Growth plate abnormalities, associated with impaired hypertrophic chondrocyte apoptosis, are observed in humans and animals with abnormalities of vitamin D action and renal phosphate reabsorption. Low circulating phosphate levels impair hypertrophic chondrocyte apoptosis, whereas treatment of these cells with phosphate activates the mitochondrial apoptotic(More)
Rickets is a growth plate abnormality observed in growing animals and humans. Rachitic expansion of the hypertrophic chondrocyte layer of the growth plate, in the setting of hypophosphatemia, is due to impaired apoptosis of these cells. Rickets is observed in humans and mice with X-linked hypophosphatemia that is associated with renal phosphate wasting(More)
Bisphosphonates are effective for preventing and treating skeletal disorders associated with hyperresorption. Their safety and efficacy has been studied in adults where the growth plate is fused and there is no longitudinal bone growth and little appositional growth. Although bisphosphonate use in the pediatric population was pioneered for compassionate use(More)
Wdr5 is developmentally expressed in osteoblasts and accelerates osteoblast differentiation in vitro and in vivo. To address whether Wdr5 is essential for osteoblast differentiation, plasmid-based small interfering RNAs were used to stably suppress endogenous Wdr5 protein levels in MC3T3-E1 cells. Reduction of endogenous Wdr5 levels markedly inhibited(More)
Wdr5 is developmentally expressed in osteoblasts and is required for osteoblast differentiation. Mice overexpressing Wdr5 under the control of the mouse alpha(1)I collagen promoter (Col I-Wdr5) display accelerated osteoblast differentiation as well as accelerated chondrocyte differentiation, suggesting that overexpression of Wdr5 in osteoblasts affects(More)
Wdr5, a bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)-induced protein belonging to the family of the WD repeat proteins, is expressed in proliferating and hypertrophic chondrocytes of the growth plate and in osteoblasts. Although previous studies have provided insight into the mechanisms by which Wdr5 affects chondrocyte and osteoblast differentiation, whether Wdr5(More)
Phosphate and parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP) are required for normal growth plate maturation. Hypophosphatemia impairs hypertrophic chondrocyte apoptosis leading to rachitic expansion of the growth plate; however, the effect of phosphate restriction on chondrocyte differentiation during endochondral bone formation has not been examined.(More)
  • 1