Q-space imaging (QSI), a diffusion MRI technique, can provide quantitative tissue architecture information at cellular dimensions not amenable by conventional diffusion MRI. By exploiting regularities in molecular diffusion barriers, QSI can estimate the average barrier spacing such as the mean axon diameter in white matter (WM). In this work, we performed… (More)
Following spinal cord injury, diffusion MRI (DWI) has been shown to detect injury and functionally significant neuroprotection following treatment that otherwise would go undetected with conventional MRI. The underlying histologic correlates to directional apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) obtained with DWI have not been determined, however, and we… (More)
NMR q-space imaging is a method designed to obtain information from porous materials where diffusion-diffraction phenomena were observed from which pore size was derived. Recently, the technique has been applied to the study of biological structures as well. Although diffusive diffraction has so far not been observed in multicellular systems, displacement… (More)
Diffusion-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (DWI) has been shown experimentally to detect both injury and functionally significant neuroprotection of injured spinal cord white matter that would otherwise go undetected with conventional MRI techniques. The diffusion of water in the central nervous system (CNS) is thought to be affected by both its… (More)
PURPOSE To determine whether differences in specific spinal cord white matter (WM) tracts can be detected with in vivo DTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS In vivo DTI was performed on six rats at the lower thoracic region using a 4.7T magnet. Axial diffusion images were obtained with diffusion gradients applied in six independent directions, with low and high… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of fixative on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and anisotropy within spinal cord white matter. As glutaraldehyde (GL) better preserves axonal ultrastructure as compared with paraformaldehyde (PF), we hypothesize that spinal cord white matter fixed with GL will have increased… (More)
Spinal cord DWI may be useful in providing information not available with conventional MR imaging. More work, however, is required to explain what the qualitative and quantitative results actually represent. Computer simulations and detailed radiologic-histologic correlations will therefore be necessary.