Eric Clottes

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Transcriptional adaptations to hypoxia are mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1, a heterodimer of HIF-alpha and aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator subunits. The HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha subunits both undergo rapid hypoxia-induced protein stabilization and bind identical target DNA sequences. When coexpressed in similar cell types,(More)
The liver endoplasmic reticulum glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit (G6PC1) catalyses glucose 6-phosphate hydrolysis during gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis. The highest glucose-6-phosphatase activities are found in the liver and the kidney; there have been many reports of glucose 6-phosphate hydrolysis in other tissues. We cloned a new G6Pase isoform(More)
The mechanism of action of acetaminophen is currently widely discussed. Direct inhibition of cyclooxygenase isoforms remains the commonly advanced hypothesis. We combined behavioral studies with molecular techniques to investigate the mechanism of action of acetaminophen in a model of tonic pain in rats. We show that acetaminophen indirectly stimulates(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of action of paracetamol (acetaminophen) remains elusive because it is still under discussion as to whether it acts locally and/or centrally. The primary aim of this study was to clarify its site(s) of action (central and/or local) using the rat formalin test. METHODS Spontaneous biting and licking of the injected paw following(More)
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is a tetramer made up of two different subunits A and B. In cellular models, severe hypoxia increases LDH A gene expression whereas LDH B gene does not exhibit any regulation. The aim of our work was to characterise LDH expression in different tissues of rats bred at high altitude. For this purpose, we chose a Sprague-Dawley rat(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 is a heterodimeric transcription factor, made up of two subunits called HIF-1alpha and aryl receptor nuclear translocator, that regulates the expression of genes associated with adaptation to reduced oxygen pressure. The HIF-1alpha messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein are both up-regulated in common human cancers where this(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) is part of a transcriptional factor that regulates genes involved in metabolic and vascular adaptation of tumours to oxygen restriction. A splicing variant lacking exon 14 (sHIF-1alpha) encodes a truncated protein that competes with the normal HIF-1alpha protein, decreasing its activity. A natural(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that the antioxidant status was altered by the "live high-train low" (LHTL) method, however, no information is available regarding the antioxidant restoration during the recovery period. AIM OF THE STUDY We tested the hypothesis that the antioxidant status is impaired by 18 days LHTL in elite athletes and remained altered(More)
The regulation of nociceptive processing by 5-HT at the spinal level is intricate since the neurotransmitter has been implicated in both pro and antinociception. The aim of our study was to investigate, according to the nature of the noxious stimulus, how the blockade of spinal 5-HT(1A) receptors could influence the antinociceptive actions of exogenous 5-HT(More)
Clenbuterol, a beta2-adrenergic-receptor agonist, is known to provoke muscle hypertrophy and a slow-to-fast phenotype change. A more glycolytic phenotype should be paralleled by changes in muscle glycolytic metabolism. Two groups (n=16 for each) of 3-month-old male Wistar rats (UCL: untrained clenbuterol, and ECL: exercised clenbuterol) received a chronic(More)