Eric Chieh-lung Chou

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The standard treatment for overactive bladder starts with patient education and behavior therapies, followed by antimuscarinic agents. For patients with urgency urinary incontinence refractory to antimuscarinic therapy, currently both American Urological Association (AUA) and European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines suggested that intravesical(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the results of autologous fascia pubovaginal sling (PVS) in women with mixed incontinence using a validated outcome score and identified risk factors for failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 131 women who received a PVS for sphincteric incontinence (SUI) confirmed by history, physical examination and/or videourodynamic study(More)
AIMS This study aims to evaluate the voiding disorder and lower urinary tract symptoms in mentally retarded children. METHODS Fifty-one mentally retarded children (age 7.7 years) was assessed. A volunteer sample comprised of 36 typically developing children (age 6.4 years) served as the comparative group. All participants underwent uroflometric(More)
INTRODUCTION Spontaneous ureteral rupture is defined as non-traumatic urinary leakage from the ureter. This is a diagnosis that, although uncommon, is important for emergency physicians to know about. The literature is relatively sparse. MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed with spontaneous ureteral rupture.(More)
OBJECTIVES To delineate the frequency, clinical risk factors, and urodynamic mechanisms of incomplete bladder emptying (IBE) among patients with recent stroke. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Inpatient setting in the rehabilitation ward of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS All patients with acute stroke admitted for rehabilitation between(More)
BACKGROUND Incomplete bladder emptying (IBE) is defined as having a postvoid residual (PVR) urine volume greater than 100 mL for 2 consecutive days. IBE is common in stroke patients and could necessitate indwelling or intermittent catheterization. The condition is correlated with urinary tract infections, which could impede rehabilitation progress and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate and compare the clinical and urodynamic findings in patients with either mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) or simple urge urinary incontinence (UUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS A series of 100 consecutive female patients with MUI and UUI were identified from a database. Patients with neurogenic bladder, fistula, urethral diverticulum, prior(More)
PURPOSE The rabbit has proved to be an excellent model in which to study lower urinary tract function and pathological mechanisms involved in specific forms of lower urinary tract dysfunctions, including those involved with partial outlet obstruction (benign prostatic hyperplasia), erectile dysfunction, bladder instability and ischemic bladder disease. The(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS This study investigated the effect of sitting and non-sitting postures on uroflowmetric parameters and postvoid residual urine (PVR) and women's preferred voiding posture. METHODS Female university students (N = 45) voided on a modified sitting-type toilet in three postures: sitting, semi-squatting, and crouching over. Data on(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE We study the relationship between the degree of dural sac compression, the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms, and the effect of surgical decompression in patients with lumbar spinal canal compression using the American Urological Association Symptom Score (AUAss). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)