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Heliothis zea nudivirus-1 (HzNV-1) is an insect virus previously known as Hz-1 baculovirus. One of its major early genes, hhi1, is responsible for the establishment of productive viral infection; another gene, pag1, which expresses a non-coding RNA, is the only viral transcript detectable during viral latency. Here we showed that this non-coding RNA was(More)
This study evaluates the construct validity and internal consistency of a Chronic Illness-Related Stress Inventory (CRSI) for primary care Chinese patients and studies the relationship between chronic illness-related stress and sociodemographic characteristics and indices of disease severity. A total of 301 patients were interviewed using a structured(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of azithromycin (AZM) 1% ophthalmic solution in DuraSite® (AzaSite®) on biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci in vitro. METHODS Susceptible and resistant clinical strains (n = 8) of S. aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci were challenged with serial(More)
Kinetic acidities of arenes, ArH, measured some time ago by hydrogen isotope exchange kinetics with lithium cyclohexylamide (LiCHA) in cyclohexylamine (CHA) show a wide range of reactivities that involve several electronic mechanisms. These experimental reactivities give an excellent Brønsted correlation with equilibrium lithium ion pair acidities (pK(Li))(More)
Effects of temperature on Stokes shifts, solvation structure, and dynamics in ionic liquids EMI(+)Tf2N(-), EMI(+)PF6(-), and BMI(+)PF6(-) (EMI(+) = 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium, BMI(+) = 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium, Tf2N(-) = bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, and PF6(-) = hexafluorophosphate) are investigated via molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulations(More)
The pK of p-(methylamino)biphenyl, 1, on our Li scale, pK(Li) = 22.09, compared to the cesium scale, pK(Cs) = 28.60. For hexamethyldisilazane, HMDS, pK(Li) = 23.05, pK(Cs) = 29.26. These results are those for the monomers in THF; corrections were made for dimers present in some cases. The pK(Li) of these two amines fit well the previously found correlation(More)
Semitheoretical Brönsted correlations are compared between previously measured experimental rates of hydrogen isotope exchange of substituted toluenes labeled in the α-position and relative equilibrium acidities computed at several theory levels. The Brönsted correlations show less scatter at the Hartree-Fock level than at higher theory levels. This effect(More)
The stability of the 1-carba-1-dethiacephalosporin framework has allowed the synthesis of a range of 3-sulfonyl-1-carba-1-dethiacephems unavailable for a variety of reasons in the cephem arena. The known p-nitrobenzyl 7 beta-(phenoxyacetamido)-3-[[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]oxy]-1-carba -1- dethia-3-cephem-4-carboxylate served as a precursor to this series(More)
The aggregation of conjugated polymers in common organic solvents is investigated using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), burst analysis, and microscopy. Poly(3-hexylthiophene) and poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] are both shown to form weakly bonded non-emissive aggregates in toluene that persist even at picomolar(More)