Eric C. Rousseau

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Ryanodine affects excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal and cardiac muscle by specifically interacting with the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release channel. The effect of the drug at the single channel level was studied by incorporating skeletal and cardiac SR vesicles into planar lipid bilayers. The two channels were activated by micromolar free(More)
The calcium release channel from rabbit muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) has been purified and reconstituted as a functional unit in lipid bilayers. Electron microscopy reveals the four-leaf clover structure previously described for the 'feet' that span the transverse tubule (T)-SR junction. Ca2+ release from the SR induced by T-system depolarization(More)
Caffeine is thought to affect excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac muscle by activating the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-release channel. The effect of caffeine at the single channel level was studied by incorporating canine cardiac SR vesicles into planar lipid bilayers. Cardiac Ca2+-release channels were activated in a steady-state manner by(More)
The caffeine-sensitive Ca2+ release pathway in skeletal muscle was identified and characterized by studying the release of 45Ca2+ from heavy sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles and by incorporating the vesicles or the purified Ca2+ release channel protein complex into planar lipid bilayers. First-order rate constants for 45Ca2+ efflux of 1 s-1 were(More)
Purified canine cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles were passively loaded with 45CaCl2 and assayed for Ca2+ releasing activity according to a rapid quench protocol. Ca2+ release from a subpopulation of vesicles was found to be activated by micromolar Ca2+ and millimolar adenine nucleotides, and inhibited by millimolar Mg2+ and micromolar ruthenium red.(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) on reactivity and Ca(2+) sensitivity in TNF-alpha-stimulated human bronchi. Tension measurements performed on either control, TNF-alpha-, or TNF-alpha + EET-pretreated bronchi revealed that 100 nM 14,15-EET pretreatments significantly(More)
Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) contains a Ca2+-conducting channel that is believed to play a central role in excitation-contraction coupling by releasing the Ca2+ necessary for muscle contraction. The effects of calmodulin on single cardiac and skeletal muscle SR Ca2+-release channels were studied using the planar lipid bilayer-vesicle fusion technique.(More)
Endothelins are thought to act through two specific, plasmalemmal G protein-coupled receptor subtypes, ETAR and ETBR. However, in subfractionated cardiac membranes, ETAR immunoreactivity was detected only in the plasma membrane whereas ETBR immunoreactivity was detected predominantly in membranes of intracellular origin. Confocal microscopy demonstrated the(More)
Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that CryIC, a lepidopteran-specific toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis, triggers calcium and chloride channel activity in SF-9 cells (Spodoptera frugiperda, fall armyworm). Chloride currents were also observed in SF-9 membrane patches upon addition of CryIC toxin to the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. In the(More)
The distribution of phosphodiesterase (PDE) activities was studied in canine cardiac microsomal fractions separated by sucrose density gradient (fractions F1 to Fv1). These fractions were characterized by their 45Ca2+ uptake and release properties, [3H] ryanodine binding [used as sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) markers] and their [3H]nitrendipine binding (as a(More)