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Genetic screens for dominant second-site mutations that suppress the lethality of Abl mutations in Drosophila identified alleles of only one gene, enabled (ena). We report that the ena protein contains proline-rich motifs and binds to Abl and Src SH3 domains, ena is also a substrate for the Abl kinase; tyrosine phosphorylation of ena is increased when it is(More)
The Abelson tyrosine kinase (Abl) is integrated into signal transduction networks regulating axon outgrowth. We have identified the Drosophila trio gene through a mutation that exacerbates the Abl mutant phenotype. Drosophila Trio is an ortholog of mammalian Trio, a protein that contains multiple spectrin-like repeats and two Dbl homology (DH) domains that(More)
The attractive Netrin receptor Frazzled (Fra), and the signaling molecules Abelson tyrosine kinase (Abl), the guanine nucleotide-exchange factor Trio, and the Abl substrate Enabled (Ena), all regulate axon pathfinding at the Drosophila embryonic CNS midline. We detect genetic and/or physical interactions between Fra and these effector molecules that suggest(More)
Tumor-promoting phorbol esters acutely activate a pathway in lymphocytes leading to the synthesis and accumulation of phosphatidylethanol, using exogenous ethanol as a precursor. This product is a representative of a unique class of acidic glycerophospholipids in which the head group is a primary alcohol. The formation of this lipid, in response to(More)
Two novel dosage-sensitive modifiers of the Abelson tyrosine kinase (Abl) mutant phenotype have been identified. Amalgam (Ama) is a secreted protein that interacts with the transmembrane protein Neurotactin (Nrt) to promote cell:cell adhesion. We have identified an unusual missense ama allele, ama(M109), which dominantly enhances the Abl mutant phenotype,(More)
To define the effects of pp60v-src activity at different intracellular sites, we have constructed chimeric molecules which target the pp60v-src kinase to specific intracellular locations. pp60v-src was targeted to the nucleus by insertion of the SV40 large T antigen nuclear localization signal. Nuclear pp60v-src was active as a tyrosine kinase and(More)
Host range mutants of Schmidt-Ruppin v-src that transform chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) but not Rat-2 cells were generated previously by linker insertion-deletion mutagenesis (J. E. DeClue and G. S. Martin, J. Virol. 63:542-554, 1989). One of these mutants, SRX5, in which Tyr-416 is substituted by the sequence Ser Arg Asp, retained high levels of kinase(More)
The transition of Drosophila third instar larvae from feeding, photo-phobic foragers to non-feeding, photo-neutral wanderers is a classic behavioral switch that precedes pupariation. The neuronal network responsible for this behavior has recently begun to be defined. Previous genetic analyses have identified signaling components for food and light sensory(More)
We have characterized a host range mutant of Rous sarcoma virus in order to identify host cell factors involved in transformation. This mutant, tsLA33-1, which was isolated from a stock of the temperature-sensitive mutant tsLA33, is not temperature-sensitive for transformation of chicken embryo fibroblasts, as judged by its ability to induce morphological(More)
XD4 is a host range deletion mutant (delta 77-225) of the v-src transforming gene. This mutant transforms chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) but not Rat-2 cells. It encodes a product (XD4-src) that is phosphorylated at tyrosine and active as a tyrosine kinase in CEF, but is neither phosphorylated at tyrosine nor active as a kinase in Rat-2 cells. We report(More)