Eric C. Bielefeld

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Modern research has provided new insights into the biological mechanisms of noise-induced hearing loss, and with these new insights comes hope for possible prevention or treatment. Underlying the classic set of cochlear pathologies that occur as a result of noise exposure are increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a significant role in(More)
CONCLUSION These findings indicate a strong protective effect of ALCAR and NAC on impulse noise-induced cochlear damage, and suggest the feasibility of using clinically available antioxidant compounds to protect the ear from acute acoustic injury. OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species have been shown to play a significant role in noise-induced hearing loss.(More)
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is an important etiology of deafness worldwide. Hearing conservation programs are in place and have reduced the prevalence of NIHL, but this disorder is still far too common. Occupational and recreational pursuits expose people to loud noise and ten million persons in the US have some degree of noise-induced hearing(More)
Modern research has provided new insights into the biological mechanisms of noise-induced hearing loss, and with these new insights comes hope for possible prevention or treatment. Underlying the classic set of cochlear pathologies that occur as a result of noise exposure are increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a significant role in(More)
Apoptotic cell death has been implicated in cochlear degeneration during aging. To better understand the impact and the biological process of outer hair cell (OHC) apoptosis, we investigated the contribution of apoptotic cell death to the formation of the OHC lesions, and observed the temporal patterns of the occurrence of apoptotic events associated with(More)
Studies of the F344 rat have shown a variety of age-related auditory anatomy and physiology changes. The current study was undertaken to clarify the ARHL in the F344 rat, by examining the auditory pathway of the F344/NHsd substrain that is distributed by Harlan Laboratories for research in the United States. The F344/NHsd rat begins to lose its hearing at(More)
Numerous techniques have been tested to attempt to prevent the onset or progression of age-related hearing loss (ARHL): raising the animals in an augmented acoustic environment (used successfully in mouse and rat models), enhancing the antioxidant defenses with exogenous antioxidant treatments (used with mixed results in mouse and rat models), raising the(More)
Superoxide has been implicated as a contributing factor to cochlear pathology from a number of sources, including noise and ototoxic drugs. The effects of NADPH oxidase-dependent superoxide on the cochlea were investigated in the current study using paraquat (PQ). PQ is a toxic herbicide that causes tissue damage by generating superoxide through reduction(More)
BACKGROUND Toxic levels of reactive oxygen species are key contributors to the lesion of dead outer hair cells (OHCs) seen in the cochlea after noise exposure. The current study follows previous work in which paraquat was used to demonstrate that NADPH oxidase is active in the cochlea and can contribute to cochlear reactive oxygen species formation and hair(More)