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Northern blot analysis of rat heart mRNA probed with a cDNA coding for the principal polypeptide of rat liver gap junctions demonstrated a 3.0-kb band. This band was observed only after hybridization and washing using low stringency conditions; high stringency conditions abolished the hybridization. A rat heart cDNA library was screened with the same cDNA(More)
Members of the connexin gene family are integral membrane proteins that form hexamers called connexons. Most cells express two or more connexins. Open connexons found at the nonjunctional plasma membrane connect the cell interior with the extracellular milieu. They have been implicated in physiological functions including paracrine intercellular signaling(More)
Remodeling of the distribution of gap junctions is an important feature of anatomic substrates of arrhythmias in patients with healed myocardial infarcts. Mechanisms underlying this process are poorly understood but probably involve changes in gap junction protein (connexin) synthesis, assembly into channels, and degradation. The half-life of the principal(More)
By using antibodies directed against gap junction proteins of liver (connexins 26 and 32) and heart (connexin 43), we have localized immunoreactivity to specific cell types in frozen sections of adult rodent brains. Connexin 32 reactivity was found in oligodendrocytes and also in a few neurons, whereas reactivity to connexins 26 and 43 was localized to(More)
Gap junctional proteins, connexins, and gap junctional plaques are short-lived. Three pathways for their degradation have been proposed: (1) misfolded/abnormally oligomerized connexins are retrogradely translocated and degraded by the proteasome through endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation; (2) connexins (as monomers or oligomers) may traffic(More)
Electrical uncoupling at gap junctions during acute myocardial ischemia contributes to conduction abnormalities and reentrant arrhythmias. Increased levels of intracellular Ca(2+) and H(+) and accumulation of amphipathic lipid metabolites during ischemia promote uncoupling, but other mechanisms may play a role. We tested the hypothesis that uncoupling(More)
Gap junctions are membrane channels that permit the interchange of ions and other low-molecular-weight molecules between adjacent cells. Rous sarcoma virus (RSV)-induced transformation is marked by an early and profound disruption of gap-junctional communication, suggesting that these membrane structures may serve as sites of pp60v-src action. We have begun(More)
Lens epithelial cells are physiologically coupled to each other and to the lens fibers by an extensive network of intercellular gap junctions. In the rat, the epithelial-epithelial junctions appear to contain connexin43, a member of the connexin family of gap junction proteins. Limitations on the use of rodent lenses for the study of gap junction formation(More)
The distributions of connexin 43 (Cx43) and connexin 40 (Cx40) in smooth muscle and endothelium of resistance vessels were examined using indirect immunofluorescence techniques coupled with confocal microscopy. Cx43 and Cx40 were found in smooth muscle and endothelium. Similar staining patterns were found in microvessel samples from brain and cremaster of(More)
Intercellular communication may be modulated by the rather rapid turnover and degradation of gap junction proteins, since many connexins have half-lives of 1-3 h. While several morphological studies have suggested that gap junction degradation occurs after endocytosis, our recent biochemical studies have demonstrated involvement of the ubiquitin-proteasome(More)