The genotoxicity testing battery is highly sensitive for detection of chemical carcinogens. However, it features a low specificity and provides only limited mechanistic information required for risk assessment of positive findings. This is especially important in case of positive findings in the in vitro chromosome damage assays, because chromosome damage… (More)
We have used digital fluorescence imaging techniques to explore the interplay between mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake and physiological Ca2+ signaling in rat cortical astrocytes. A rise in cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt), resulting from mobilization of ER Ca2+ stores was followed by a rise in mitochondrial Ca2+ ([Ca2+]m, monitored using rhod-2). Whereas [Ca2+]cyt… (More)
We report severe coenzyme Q10 deficiency of muscle in a 4-year-old boy presenting with progressive muscle weakness, seizures, cerebellar syndrome, and a raised cerebro-spinal fluid lactate concentration. State-3 respiratory rates of muscle mitochondria with glutamate, pyruvate, palmitoylcarnitine, and succinate as respiratory substrates were markedly… (More)
Recent work has focused attention on the role of oxidative stress in various acute and chronic neurodegenerative diseases. Low concentrations of the powerful antioxidant glutathione (GSH) and impaired brain energy metabolism, particularly in the substantia nigra, are key features of Parkinson's disease (PD). The main goal of this study was to better… (More)
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are a family of related receptors implicated in a diverse array of biological processes. There are 3 main isotypes of PPARs known as PPARα, PPARβ and PPARγ and each is organized into domains associated with a function such as ligand binding, activation and DNA binding. PPARs are activated by ligands, which… (More)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142708.].
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) present in tissues and biofluids are emerging as sensitive and specific safety biomarkers. MiRNAs have not been thoroughly described in M. fascicularis, an animal model used in pharmaceutical industry especially in drug safety evaluation. Here we investigated the miRNAs in M. fascicularis. For Macaca mulatta, a closely related species of… (More)
We have identified the A3243G heteroplasmic point mutation in mitochondrial DNA from a female patient with headache as the main clinical feature. The mitochondrial origin of her disease was only suspected because of her brother with MELAS syndrome. Morphological and biochemical studies failed to reveal mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction in her… (More)