Eric Beaumont

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We sought to determine whether decreased neuromuscular use in the form of hindlimb unweighting (HU) would affect the properties of innervating motoneurones. Hindlimb weight-bearing was removed in rats for a period of 2 weeks via hindlimb suspension by the tail. Following this the electrophysiological properties of tibial motoneurones were recorded under(More)
Rolipram, an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) proteins that hydrolyze cAMP, increases axonal regeneration following spinal cord injury (SCI). Recent evidence indicate that rolipram also protects against a multitude of apoptotic signals, many of which are implicated in secondary cell death post-SCI. In the present study, we used immunohistochemistry(More)
Traumatic human spinal cord injury (SCI) causes devastating and long-term hardships. These are due to the irreparable primary mechanical injury and secondary injury cascade. In particular, oligodendrocyte cell death, white matter axon damage, spared axon demyelination, and the ensuing dysfunction in action potential conduction lead to the initial deficits(More)
Gene therapy using polymers such as chitosan shows good biocompatibility, but low transfection efficiency. The mechanism of folic acid (FA) uptake by cells to promote targeting and internalization could improve transfection rates. The objective of this study was to synthesize and characterize FA-chitosan-DNA nanoparticles and evaluate their cytotoxicity in(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of daily endurance treadmill training (2 h/day, 30 m/min) on motoneuron biophysical properties. Electrophysiological properties of tibial motoneurons were measured in situ in anesthetized (ketamine/xylazine) control and trained rats using sharp glass microelectrodes. Motoneurons from trained rats had(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize a novel electrophysiological assessment, the magnetically evoked interenlargement response (MIER), by defining the anatomical location of the fast conducting (large myelinated) ascending axons that mediate the response and the relationship between the response and locomotor function following experimental(More)
This paper aims to determine whether chronic vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) mitigates myocardial infarction (MI)-induced remodeling of the intrinsic cardiac nervous system (ICNS), along with the cardiac tissue it regulates. Guinea pigs underwent VNS implantation on the right cervical vagus. Two weeks later, MI was produced by ligating the ventral descending(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to predict the long-term physical function and prognosis of hip fracture patients during the early postoperative period is essential for surgeons and physical therapists as well as for patients and their families. The purpose of this study was to determine whether early functional assessment correlated with and/or predicted long-term(More)
No evidence currently exists that motoneurone adaptations in electrophysiological properties can result from changes in the chronic level of neuromuscular activity. We examined, in anaesthetized (ketamine/xylazine) rats, the properties of motoneurones with axons in the tibial nerve, from rats performing daily spontaneous running exercise for 12 weeks in(More)
The systemic administration of atorvastatin has been shown to be neuroprotective after spinal cord injury (SCI), by decreasing the inflammatory response at the lesion site and by reducing neuronal and oligodendrocyte apoptosis. The latter effect spares white matter at the injury site and improves locomotion. The aim of this study was to confirm the(More)