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CsoSCA (formerly CsoS3) is a bacterial carbonic anhydrase localized in the shell of a cellular microcompartment called the carboxysome, where it converts HCO(3)(-) to CO(2) for use in carbon fixation by ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO). CsoSCA lacks significant sequence similarity to any of the four known classes of carbonic anhydrase(More)
A significant portion of the total carbon fixed in the biosphere is attributed to the autotrophic metabolism of prokaryotes. In cyanobacteria and many chemolithoautotrophic bacteria, CO(2) fixation is catalyzed by ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO), most if not all of which is packaged in protein microcompartments called carboxysomes.(More)
The widely accepted models for the role of carboxysomes in the carbon-concentrating mechanism of autotrophic bacteria predict the carboxysomal carbonic anhydrase to be a crucial component. The enzyme is thought to dehydrate abundant cytosolic bicarbonate and provide ribulose 1.5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO) sequestered within the carboxysome(More)
The carboxysome is a bacterial organelle that functions to enhance the efficiency of CO2 fixation by encapsulating the enzymes ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) and carbonic anhydrase. The outer shell of the carboxysome is reminiscent of a viral capsid, being constructed from many copies of a few small proteins. Here we describe the(More)
In cyanobacteria and many chemolithotrophic bacteria, the CO(2)-fixing enzyme ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO) is sequestered into polyhedral protein bodies called carboxysomes. The carboxysome is believed to function as a microcompartment that enhances the catalytic efficacy of RubisCO by providing the enzyme with its substrate,(More)
Glutamylglycinylarginyl chloromethyl ketone, tyrosylglycinylarginyl chloromethyl ketone, and phenylalanylprolylarginyl chloromethyl ketone have been labeled at their amino termini using fluorescein, rhodamine-X, lissamine-rhodamine, pyrene, and the 1,5-, 2,5-, and 2,6-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonyl moieties. These peptidyl chloromethyl ketones have(More)
0. INTRODUCTION THE THEORY of manifold approximate fibrations is the correct bundle theory for topological manifolds and singular spaces. This theory plays the same role in the topological category as fiber bundle theory plays in the differentiable category and as block bundle theory plays in the piecewise linear category. For example, neighborhoods in(More)
We report the effect of homocysteine on the inactivation of factor Va by activated protein C (APC) using clotting assays, immunoblotting, and radiolabeling experiments. Homocysteine, cysteine, or homocysteine thiolactone have no effect on factor V activation by alpha-thrombin. Factor Va derived from homocysteine-treated factor V was inactivated by APC at a(More)
Bovine glucagon, a polypeptide of 29 amino acids, was immunogenic in guinea pigs. The immunologic determinants of glucagon were investigated using isolated tryptic peptides of the hormone. Antibodies from virtually all of more than two dozen animals had specificity primarily for the amino-terminal heptadecapeptide (NM) and showed little or no binding with(More)