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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a central regulator of proliferation and progression in human cancers. Five EGFR inhibitors, two monoclonal antibodies and three TKIs, have recently gained FDA approval in oncology (cetuximab, panitumumab, erlotinib, gefitinib and lapatinib). These strategies of EGFR inhibition demonstrate major tumor(More)
ZD1839 ("Iressa") is an orally-active, selective epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosinekinase inhibitor. We evaluated the antitumor activity of ZD1839 in combination with radiation in human squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the head and neck. ZD1839 produced a dose-dependent inhibition of cellular proliferation in human SCCs grown in culture. Flow(More)
Erlotinib (Tarceva) is an orally available HER1 (epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor advancing through clinical trials for the treatment of a range of human malignancies. In this study, we examine the capacity of erlotinib to modulate radiation response and investigate specific mechanisms underlying these interactions in human(More)
There is presently great interest in mechanisms of acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors that are now being used widely in the treatment of a variety of common human cancers. To investigate these mechanisms, we established EGFR inhibitor-resistant clones from non-small cell lung cancer cells. A comparative analysis(More)
Cytokines trigger the rapid assembly of multimolecular signaling complexes that direct the activation of downstream protein kinase cascades. Two protein kinases that have been linked to growth factor-regulated proliferation and survival are mitogen-activated protein/ERK kinase (MEK) and its downstream target Erk, a member of the mitogen-activated protein(More)
Molecular inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/HER1) signaling is under active investigation as a promising cancer treatment strategy. We examined the potency of EGFR inhibition achieved by combining anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody and tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which target extracellular and intracellular domains of the receptor,(More)
PURPOSE Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, which modulate chromatin structure and gene expression, represent a class of anticancer agents that hold particular potential as radiation sensitizers. In this study, we examine the capacity of the HDAC inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) to modulate radiation response in human tumor cell lines and(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that plays a major role in oncogenesis. Cetuximab is an EGFR-blocking antibody that is FDA approved for use in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Although cetuximab has shown strong clinical benefit for a subset of(More)
EGF receptor (EGFR) inhibition is efficacious in cancer therapy, but initially sensitive tumors often develop resistance. In this study, we investigated the potential to overcome acquired resistance to EGFR inhibitors with MEHD7945A, a monoclonal antibody that dually targets EGFR and HER3 (ErbB3). In cancer cells resistant to cetuximab and erlotinib, we(More)