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The gene for spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) has been mapped to chromosome 3p12-13. By positional cloning, we have identified a new gene of unknown function containing a CAG repeat that is expanded in SCA7 patients. On mutated alleles, CAG repeat size is highly variable, ranging from 38 to 130 repeats, whereas on normal alleles it ranges from 7 to 17(More)
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of curcumin, an antioxidant found in turmeric (Curcuma longa) powder (TMP), to ameliorate changes in gene expression in the livers of broiler chicks fed aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)). Four pen replicates of 5 chicks each were assigned to each of 4 dietary treatments, which included the following: A)(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of dietary aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on hepatic gene expression in male broiler chicks. Seventy-five 1-d-old male broiler chicks were assigned to 3 dietary treatments (5 replicates of 5 chicks each) from hatch to d 21. The diets contained 0, 1 and 2 mg of AFB1/kg of feed. Aflatoxin B1 reduced (P<0.05) feed(More)
Methylation of DNA is the most commonly studied epigenetic mechanism of developmental competence and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Previous studies of epigenetics and the SCNT procedures have examined the effects of different culture media on donor cells and reconstructed embryos, and the methylation status of specific genes in the fetus or live(More)
CONTEXT Estrogen-related receptor beta (ERRbeta) was one of the first two orphan nuclear receptors reported and is believed to play important roles in estrogen-regulated pathways. Embryo lethality of ERRbeta-null mice indicated that ERRbeta is essential for embryo development. OBJECTIVE Two novel splicing isoforms of human (h) ERRbeta, hERRbeta2-Delta10(More)
Transcription profiling of ovarian follicles. Understanding the mechanisms by which a single follicle is selected for further ovulation is important to control fertility in mammals. However, development of new treatments is limited by our poor understanding of molecular mechanisms regulating follicular selection. Our hypothesis is that genes involved in the(More)
Fescue toxicosis is caused by consumption of toxins produced by an endophytic fungus, Neotyphodium coenophialum, in tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) Darbysh]. Microarray analysis was used to identify shifts in genetic expression associated with the affected physiological processes to identify potential targets for future(More)
Fescue toxicosis affects wild and domestic animals grazing fescue pasture infected with the endophytic fungus Neotyphodium coenophialum. Signs of fescue toxicosis include increased core body temperature and respiration rate and decreased milk yield and reproductive performance. Laboratory mice also exhibit symptoms of fescue toxicosis, as indicated by(More)
Exposure to ergot alkaloids in endophyte-infected fescue (E+) is associated with impaired animal productivity, especially during heat stress, which is commonly referred to as fescue toxicosis. To elucidate the pathogenesis of this condition, the effects of short-term heat stress (HS) on hepatic gene expression in rats exposed to endophytic ergot alkaloids(More)