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Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric disorder with a broadly undiscovered genetic etiology. Recent studies of de novo mutations (DNMs) in schizophrenia and autism have reinforced the hypothesis that rare genetic variation contributes to risk. We carried out exome sequencing on 57 trios with sporadic or familial schizophrenia. In sporadic trios, we(More)
High throughput parallel sequencing, RNA-Seq, has recently emerged as an appealing alternative to microarray in identifying differentially expressed genes (DEG) between biological groups. However, there still exists considerable discrepancy on gene expression measurements and DEG results between the two platforms. The objective of this study was to compare(More)
We examine the problem of equivalence of discrete time auto-regressive representations (DTARRs) over a finite time interval. Two DTARRs are defined as fundamentally equivalent (FE) over a finite time interval [0, N ] if their solution spaces or behaviours are isomorphic. We generalise the concept of strict equivalence (SE) of matrix pencils to the case of(More)
The use of high throughput genome-sequencing technologies has uncovered a large extent of structural variation in eukaryotic genomes that makes important contributions to genomic diversity and phenotypic variation. When the genomes of different strains of a given organism are compared, whole genome resequencing data are typically aligned to an established(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) has the third highest mortality rates among the US population. According to the most recent concept of carcinogenesis, human tumors are organized hierarchically, and the top of it is occupied by malignant stem cells (cancer stem cells, CSCs, or cancer-initiating cells, CICs), which possess unlimited self-renewal and(More)
In ruminants, conceptus interferon-tau (IFNT) alters maternal physiology to accommodate a pregnancy. We hypothesized that the effectiveness of IFNT on extending corpus luteum (CL) life span in nonpregnant ewes would depend upon the dose and manner of administration and would be correlated with the response in gene expression in endometrium. We anticipated(More)
Interferon-tau (IFNT) is released by preimplantation conceptuses of ruminant species and prepares the mother for pregnancy. Although one important function is to protect the corpus luteum from the luteolytic activity of prostaglandin-F 2alpha, IFNT most likely regulates a range of other physiological processes in endometrium. Here, an immortalized cell line(More)
The design of oligonucleotide sequences for the detection of gene expression in species with disparate volumes of genome and EST sequence information has been broadly studied. However, a congruous strategy has yet to emerge to allow the design of sensitive and specific gene expression detection probes. This study explores the use of a phylogenomic approach(More)
In this note we examine the solution and the impulsive behavior of autonomous linear multivariable systems whose pseudo-state β (t) obeys a linear matrix differential equation A (ρ) β (t) = 0 where A (ρ) is a polynomial matrix in the differential operator ρ := d dt. We thus generalize to the general polynomial matrix case some results obtained in [2][3](More)
Fescue toxicosis affects wild and domestic animals consuming ergot alkaloids contained in tall fescue forage infected with the endophytic fungus, Neotyphodium coenophialum. When animals are consuming infected fescue (E+) forage during periods of elevated ambient temperatures (summer), a range of phenotypic disorders collectively called summer slump is(More)