Eric Akkermans

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We study the spectral determinant of the Laplacian on finite graphs characterized by their number of vertices V and bonds B. We present a path integral derivation which leads to two equivalent expressions of the spectral determinant of the Laplacian in terms of either a V_V vertex matrix or a 2B_2B link matrix that couples the arcs (oriented bonds)(More)
We report on the study of a polariton gas confined in a quasiperiodic one-dimensional cavity, described by a Fibonacci sequence. Imaging the polariton modes both in real and reciprocal space, we observe features characteristic of their fractal energy spectrum such as the opening of minigaps obeying the gap labeling theorem and log-periodic oscillations of(More)
– Although conservation of energy is fundamental in physics, its principles seem to be violated in the field of wave propagation in turbid media by the energy enhancement of the coherent backscattering cone. In this letter we present experimental data which show that the energy enhancement of the cone is balanced by an energy cutback at all scattering(More)
Photon propagation in a gas of N atoms is studied using an effective Hamiltonian describing photon-mediated atomic dipolar interactions. The density P(Gamma) of photon escape rates is determined from the spectrum of the NxN random matrix Gamma_{ij}=sin(x_{ij})/x_{ij}, where x_{ij} is the dimensionless random distance between any two atoms. Varying disorder(More)
For transport processes in geometrically restricted domains, the mean first-passage time (MFPT) admits a general scaling dependence on space parameters for diffusion, anomalous diffusion, and diffusion in disordered or fractal media. For transport in self-similar fractal structures, we obtain an expression for the source-target distance dependence of the(More)
These notes contain a rapid overview of the methods and results obtained in the field of propagation of waves in disordered media. The case of Schrödinger and Helmholtz equations are considered that describe respectively electrons in metals and scalar electromagnetic waves. The assumptions on the nature of disorder are discussed and perturbation methods in(More)
We show that in low-dimensional disordered conductors, the quasiparticle decay and the relaxation of the phase are not exponential processes. In the quasi-one-dimensional case, both behave at small time as e(-(t/tau(in))3/2) where the inelastic time, tau(in), identical for both processes, is a power T-2/3 of the temperature. The nonexponential quasiparticle(More)
Sequences of alternating-sign time-dependent electric field pulses lead to coherent interference effects in Schwinger vacuum pair production, producing a Ramsey interferometer, an all-optical time-domain realization of the multiple-slit interference effect, directly from the quantum vacuum. The interference, obeying fermionic quantum statistics, is manifest(More)
We present a study of the behaviour of metastable vortex states in mesoscopic super-conductors. Our analysis relies on the London limit within which it is possible to derive closed analytical expressions for the magnetic field and the Gibbs free energy. We consider in particular the situation where the vortices are symmetrically distributed along a closed(More)
A stability analysis is presented for boundary-driven and out-of-equilibrium systems in the framework of the hydrodynamic macroscopic fluctuation theory. A Hamiltonian description is proposed which allows us to thermodynamically interpret the additivity principle. A necessary and sufficient condition for the validity of the additivity principle is obtained(More)