Eric Abachin

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The dlt operon of Gram-positive bacteria comprises four genes (dltA, dltB, dltC and dltD) that catalyse the incorporation of D-alanine residues into the cell wall-associated lipoteichoic acids (LTAs). In this work, we characterized the dlt operon of Listeria monocytogenes and constructed a D-Ala-deficient LTA mutant by inactivating the first gene (dltA) of(More)
Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to ceftazidime was isolated from six adult women and two neonates hospitalized between July and November 1993 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Boucicaut Hospital (Paris, France). The epidemiological investigation revealed a notably short delay (less than 48 h) between admission and contamination of the six(More)
We evaluated the usefulness of quantifying blood plasma adenovirus DNA loads for the management of adenovirus infection. Quantification of adenovirus A, B, and C DNA loads was done with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. Blood plasma specimens obtained from 44 immunocompromised patients were screened prospectively with this method. PCR(More)
The broad-range PCR has been successfully developed to search for fastidious, slow-growing or uncultured bacteria, and is mostly used when an empirical antibiotic treatment has already been initiated. The technique generally involves standard PCR targeting the gene coding for 16S ribosomal RNA, and includes a post-PCR visualisation step on agarose gel which(More)
During 1999, we used partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing for the prospective identification of atypical nonfermenting gram-negative bacilli isolated from patients attending our cystic fibrosis center. Of 1,093 isolates of nonfermenting gram-negative bacilli recovered from 148 patients, 46 (4.2%) gave problematic results with conventional phenotypic tests.(More)
Fusarium spp. have emerged as major opportunistic fungal agents. Since new antifungal agents exhibit variable activity against Fusarium isolates depending on the species, rapid identification at the species level is required. Conventional culture methods are difficult, fastidious, and sometimes inconclusive. In this work, we sequenced a 440-bp fragment(More)
We compared an Aspergillus fumigatus-specific Taqman real-time PCR assay for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Platelia Aspergillus method. Patients with proven or probable IA had positive results with at least one of the two methods. The PCR method seems to be more specific, and a combination of the two(More)
The maturation of the 33-kDa proenzyme to the 29-kDa phosphatidylcholine phospholipase C (PC-PLC) of Listeria monocytogenes requires the production of the zinc metalloprotease encoded by mpl, the proximal gene of the lecithinase operon. We recently described a low-virulence lecithinase-deficient mutant of L. monocytogenes EGD-SmR, designated JL762,(More)
BACKGROUND Pleural empyema is an increasingly reported complication of pneumonia in children. Microbiological diagnostic tests for empyema by culture frequently have false-negative results due to previous administration of antibiotics. Molecular diagnosis by broad-range 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and rapid pneumococcal antigen(More)
An outbreak of nosocomial diarrhea that occurred in a pediatric orthopedic service between 1 December 1993 and 15 April 1994 is reported. A total of 37 patients (mean age, 9.6 years; range, 2 months-19.3 years) were involved in the outbreak, including six patients with bacteriologically documentedClostridium difficile infection. A multivariate analysis(More)