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IMPORTANCE Dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces ischemia but increases bleeding. OBJECTIVE To develop a clinical decision tool to identify patients expected to derive benefit vs harm from continuing thienopyridine beyond 1 year after PCI. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Among 11,648 randomized DAPT Study(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients have an elevated risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), particularly in the 24 hours before the first HD of the week. Temporal changes in cardiac autonomic dysfunction, as characterized by abnormalities in heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate turbulence (HRT), along with T-wave alternans (TWA), may(More)
BACKGROUND Decisions to proceed with surgical versus percutaneous revascularization for multivessel coronary artery disease are often based on subtle clinical information that may not be captured in contemporary registries. The present study sought to evaluate the association between surgical ineligibility documented in the medical record and long-term(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether biomarkers ST2, growth differentiation factor (GDF)-15, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and high-sensitivity troponin I are elevated in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and are associated with cardiovascular dysfunction and all-cause mortality. BACKGROUND(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major cause of stroke. Although standard investigations after an event include electrocardiographic monitoring, the optimal duration to detect AF is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether the duration of electrocardiographic monitoring after an ischemic event is related to(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. BACKGROUND As the HIV-infected population ages, cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality are increasing, but the incidence and features of SCD have not yet been(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are disproportionately affected by cardiovascular disease and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Whether left ventricular (LV) dysfunction predicts SCD in those with HIV is unknown. We sought to determine the impact of LV dysfunction on SCD in patients with HIV. We previously characterized all SCDs and acquired(More)
BACKGROUND Bleeding is associated with poor outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Although arterial closure devices (ACDs) are widely used in clinical practice, whether they are effective in reducing bleeding complications during transfemoral PCI is uncertain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ACDs for the(More)
Despite the increased risk of myocardial infarction, aortic dissection, and arrhythmias in patients with hypertension who use cocaine, the hemodynamic and arrhythmogenic effects of cocaine use have not been well characterized in this population. The authors hypothesized that patients with hypertension demonstrate extreme, transient changes in arterial(More)