Eric A Price

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Amyloid precursor protein (APP) can be proteolytically processed along two pathways, the amyloidogenic that leads to the formation of the 40-42 amino acid long Alzheimer-associated amyloid β (Aβ) peptide and the non-amyloidogenic in which APP is cut in the middle of the Aβ domain thus precluding Aβ formation. Using immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry(More)
The amyloid beta peptides (Abeta) are the major components of the senile plaques characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. Abeta peptides are generated from the cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta- and gamma-secretases. Beta-secretase (BACE), a type-I transmembrane aspartyl protease, cleaves APP first to generate a 99-amino acid(More)
Presenilin-1 (PS1) and presenilin 2 (PS2) are proposed to be transmembrane aspartyl proteases that cleave amyloid precursor protein and Notch. PS1- and PS2-mediated activities were individually characterized using blastocyst-derived (BD) cells and membranes from PS1+/--PS2-/- and PS1-/-PS2+/+ mice, respectively. The relative amounts of PS1 and PS2 in the(More)
beta-Secretase (BACE) cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) is one of the first steps in the production of amyloid beta peptide Abeta42, the putative neurotoxic species in Alzheimer's disease. Recent studies have shown that BACE1 knockdown leads to hypomyelination, putatively caused by a decline in neuregulin (NRG)-1 processing. In this study, we have(More)
The accumulation of amyloid beta (Abeta) in Alzheimer's disease is caused by an imbalance of production and clearance, which leads to increased soluble Abeta species and extracellular plaque formation in the brain. Multiple Abeta-lowering therapies are currently in development: an important goal is to characterize the molecular mechanisms of action and(More)
beta-Site amyloid precursor protein (APP)-cleaving enzyme (BACE) 1 cleavage of amyloid precursor protein is an essential step in the generation of the potentially neurotoxic and amyloidogenic A beta 42 peptides in Alzheimer's disease. Although previous mouse studies have shown brain A beta lowering after BACE1 inhibition, extension of such studies to(More)
beta-Secretase inhibition offers an exciting opportunity for therapeutic intervention in the progression of Alzheimer's disease. A series of isonicotinamides derived from traditional aspartyl protease transition state isostere inhibitors has been optimized to yield low nanomolar inhibitors with sufficient penetration across the blood-brain barrier to(More)
Extracellular deposits of aggregated amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides are a hallmark of Alzheimer disease; thus, inhibition of Abeta production and/or aggregation is an appealing strategy to thwart the onset and progression of this disease. The release of Abeta requires processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by both beta- and gamma-secretase. Using(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) provides a window into central nervous system (CNS) physiology and pathophysiology in human neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. Changes in CSF bioanalytes also provide a direct readout of target engagement in the CNS following pharmacological interventions in clinical trials. Given the importance of tracking(More)
A macrocyclic inhibitor of beta-secretase was designed by covalently cross-linking the P1 and P3 side chains of an isophthalamide-based inhibitor. Macrocyclization resulted in significantly improved potency and physical properties when compared to the initial lead structures. More importantly, these macrocyclic inhibitors also displayed in vivo amyloid(More)