Eric A. Nelson

Learn More
European-like field isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) have recently emerged in North America. The full-length genomic sequence of an index isolate characterized in 1999, strain EuroPRRSV, served as the reference strain for further studies of the evolution and epidemiology of European-like isolates (type 1) in the United(More)
European-like Type 1 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) isolates, known as North American (NA) Type 1 PRRSV, appeared in United States (U.S.) swine herds in 1999. Their diversity and evolution were studied over a five-year period by constructing phylogenetic trees using nsp2 and ORF5 sequences of 20 NA Type 1 isolates, including the(More)
The recent emergence of a unique group of North American type 1 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in the United States presents new disease control problems for a swine industry that has already been impacted seriously by North American type 2 PRRSV. In this study, a full-length cDNA infectious clone was generated from a(More)
The matrix protein (M1) of influenza A virus is generally viewed as a key orchestrator in the release of influenza virions from the plasma membrane during infection. In contrast to this model, recent studies have indicated that influenza virus requires expression of the envelope proteins for budding of intracellular M1 into virus particles. Here we explored(More)
To further characterize the humoral immune response of pigs to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were used to study the kinetics of antibody responses directed against PRRSV nonstructural proteins in pigs experimentally exposed to the virus. The highest immunoreactivities were(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) continues to be a major problem in the pork industry worldwide. The limitations of current PRRSV vaccines require the development of a new generation of vaccines. One of the key steps in future vaccine development is to include markers for diagnostic differentiation of vaccinated animals from those(More)
Pigs were immunised with recombinant BCG (rBCG) expressing a truncated form of GP5 (lacking the first 30 NH(2)-terminal residues) (rBCGGP5) and M protein (rBCGM) of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). At 30 days post-inoculation (dpi), pigs inoculated with rBCGGP5 and rBCGM developed a specific humoral immune response against the(More)
Pertussis vaccines preserved with 0.01% Merthiolate are more toxic for mice than unpreserved vaccines prepared from the same parent concentrate and containing the same number of organisms. The toxicities of both Merthiolate (0.01%)-preserved and unpreserved vaccines increased when the number of organisms injected was increased. An increase in mortality was(More)
We have recently reported the isolation of a novel virus, provisionally designated C/swine/Oklahoma/1334/2011 (C/OK), with 50% overall homology to human influenza C viruses (ICV), from a pig in Oklahoma. Deep RNA sequencing of C/OK virus found a matrix 1 (M1) protein expression strategy that differed from that of ICV. The novelty of C/OK virus prompted us(More)
A Luminex (Luminex Corp., Austin, TX) multiplex swine cytokine assay was developed to measure 8 cytokines simultaneously in pig serum for use in assessment of vaccine candidates. The fluorescent microsphere immunoassay (FMIA) was tested on archived sera in a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine/challenge study. This FMIA(More)