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BACKGROUND A recent landmark report has demonstrated that plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) measured in acute coronary syndromes independently predicts mortality, heart failure, and new myocardial infarction. After acute cardiac injury, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is also of prognostic significance and plays a major role in determining(More)
In order to examine the effect of growth hormone (GH) on psychological parameters in adult hypopituitarism, 20 adults were studied, mean age 47 years (range 20-69) with hypopituitarism and confirmed GH deficiency (GH < 3 micrograms/l following clonidine 0.15 mg/m2). Subjects were randomly allocated to either GH-up to 0.25 U/kg per week in daily doses) or(More)
BACKGROUND Newly discovered circulating peptides, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) and adrenomedullin (ADM), were examined for prediction of cardiac function and prognosis and compared with previously reported markers in 121 patients with myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS The association between radionuclide left ventricular(More)
Aminoterminal proCNP (NTproCNP), a stable product of CNP gene expression and readily measured in human plasma, provides a new approach to studies of CNP which is rapidly degraded at source. CNP is detectable in human CSF but the presence and proportions of NTproCNP in CSF are unknown. Since CNP is widely expressed throughout the CNS, we hypothesized that(More)
Recognition of heart failure (HF) may be difficult in patients presenting with acute dyspnoea, particularly in the presence of chronic airways obstruction. Since increased secretion of the cardiac hormones atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) occurs early in the course of HF, we have assessed the value of measuring these(More)
The effects of endopeptidase 24.11 inhibition on angiotensin-induced changes in plasma angiotensin II, aldosterone, and atrial natriuretic factor concentrations and blood pressure were assessed in normal volunteers. Two groups, each consisting of eight normal volunteers, received stepwise infusions of angiotensin II (2, 4, and 8 ng/kg per minute) on day 5(More)
Cardiac natriuretic peptides, especially amino terminal pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP), are emerging as powerful circulating markers of cardiac function. However, the in vivo secretion and elimination (t1/2) of these peptides during acute volume overload have not been studied. We present the first report of the secretion and elimination of(More)
Whereas numerous studies have examined the cardiac tissue content and secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), the response of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in states of experimental cardiac overload is less well documented. Our recent partial cloning of the ovine BNP gene has enabled us to study changes in cardiac tissue concentration, together(More)
While regional plasma concentrations of the endocrine hormones atrial and brain natriuretic peptide (ANP and BNP) have been studied, there are few reports of regional changes in the largely paracrine C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and its amino terminal fragment NT-CNP. Accordingly, we have performed trans-organ arteriovenous sampling for measurement of(More)
The effects of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were investigated in six healthy male volunteers taking a constant diet (120 mmol sodium and 60 mmol potassium daily). They were given an intravenous bolus of 100 micrograms human alpha-ANP on one day or placebo on another day 1-3 weeks apart in a double-blind randomised study. After ANP, urinary sodium(More)