Eric A. Espiner

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BACKGROUND There is currently no objective practical guide to intensity of drug treatment for individuals with heart failure. We hypothesised that pharmacotherapy guided by plasma concentrations of the cardiac peptide aminoterminal brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) would produce a superior outcome to empirical trial-based therapy dictated by clinical(More)
AIM To determine the renal, endocrine and haemodynamic effects of an orally active inhibitor of the neutral endopeptidase EC in essential hypertension. METHODS Two groups of 12 white male patients with essential hypertension were treated with candoxatril at 25 mg every 12 h (group 1) or at 200 mg every 12 h (group 2) for 5 days in double-blind,(More)
Recognition of heart failure (HF) may be difficult in patients presenting with acute dyspnoea, particularly in the presence of chronic airways obstruction. Since increased secretion of the cardiac hormones atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) occurs early in the course of HF, we have assessed the value of measuring these(More)
Atrial (ANP), brain (BNP), and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) belong to a family of hormones important in blood pressure and sodium homeostasis. Expression of ANP has been reported in embryo hearts, but BNP and CNP expression during development has not been described. We used in situ hybridization to identify the sites of gene expression of ANP, BNP, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Human brain natriuretic peptide-32 (BNP) (i.e. proBNP(77-108)), the mature form of BNP and secreted predominantly by the cardiac ventricle, is formed from a high molecular weight precursor, proBNP(1-108). We have recently identified the aminoterminal form proBNP(1-76) (NT-proBNP) in human plasma but its source, metabolism and production in(More)
Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) is a recently identified hormone which is secreted by the human heart and circulates in plasma. To determine the effects of pathophysiological levels of human BNP (hBNP), we have studied the integrated renal, hormonal, and hemodynamic response in six normal men receiving 2-h infusions of synthetic hBNP (2.0 pmol/kg.min) or(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the bioactivity of urocortin (Ucn) in experimental heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Urocortin may participate in cardiovascular function and pressure/volume homeostasis. Its effects in HF are unknown. METHODS Eight normal sheep and eight sheep with pacing-induced HF received ovine Ucn (10, 50, and 100 mg(More)
Distinguishing surgically remedial forms from other causes of primary aldosteronism (PA) may be difficult, and it is made more challenging by the earlier detection of milder disease. The technical demands of bilateral adrenal vein sampling (AVS)-increasingly advocated for localizing a unilateral autonomous lesion (UAL)- and lack of agreed criteria for(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are cardiac hormones with similar actions and potency in humans yet with distinctly different effects on plasma cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Because most biological actions of natriuretic peptides are thought to be mediated by the guanylate cyclase (G-C) receptors via cGMP, we(More)
A RIA for human brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) was developed. Both BNP and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were extracted from human plasma with Vycor glass powder (71% recovery for BNP). The assay had a minimum detection limit of 0.45 fmol/tube and an IC50 of 9 fmol/tube. The within-assay coefficients of variation were 11.4% at 4 pmol/L and 3.2% at 22(More)