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Atrial (ANP), brain (BNP), and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) belong to a family of hormones important in blood pressure and sodium homeostasis. Expression of ANP has been reported in embryo hearts, but BNP and CNP expression during development has not been described. We used in situ hybridization to identify the sites of gene expression of ANP, BNP, and(More)
BACKGROUND A recent landmark report has demonstrated that plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) measured in acute coronary syndromes independently predicts mortality, heart failure, and new myocardial infarction. After acute cardiac injury, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is also of prognostic significance and plays a major role in determining(More)
AIM To determine the renal, endocrine and haemodynamic effects of an orally active inhibitor of the neutral endopeptidase EC in essential hypertension. METHODS Two groups of 12 white male patients with essential hypertension were treated with candoxatril at 25 mg every 12 h (group 1) or at 200 mg every 12 h (group 2) for 5 days in double-blind,(More)
In order to examine the effect of growth hormone (GH) on psychological parameters in adult hypopituitarism, 20 adults were studied, mean age 47 years (range 20-69) with hypopituitarism and confirmed GH deficiency (GH < 3 micrograms/l following clonidine 0.15 mg/m2). Subjects were randomly allocated to either GH-up to 0.25 U/kg per week in daily doses) or(More)
Recognition of heart failure (HF) may be difficult in patients presenting with acute dyspnoea, particularly in the presence of chronic airways obstruction. Since increased secretion of the cardiac hormones atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) occurs early in the course of HF, we have assessed the value of measuring these(More)
BACKGROUND Newly discovered circulating peptides, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) and adrenomedullin (ADM), were examined for prediction of cardiac function and prognosis and compared with previously reported markers in 121 patients with myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS The association between radionuclide left ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVE Human brain natriuretic peptide-32 (BNP) (i.e. proBNP(77-108)), the mature form of BNP and secreted predominantly by the cardiac ventricle, is formed from a high molecular weight precursor, proBNP(1-108). We have recently identified the aminoterminal form proBNP(1-76) (NT-proBNP) in human plasma but its source, metabolism and production in(More)
The assessment of basal plasma aldosterone and renin concentrations, and urinary aldosterone excretion has been compared with their values after a suppressive test employing mineralocorticoid induced volume expansion in five patients with primary aldosteronism and in patients with essential hypertension. Reliance upon measurements of basal plasma(More)
Aminoterminal proCNP (NTproCNP), a stable product of CNP gene expression and readily measured in human plasma, provides a new approach to studies of CNP which is rapidly degraded at source. CNP is detectable in human CSF but the presence and proportions of NTproCNP in CSF are unknown. Since CNP is widely expressed throughout the CNS, we hypothesized that(More)
The effects of endopeptidase 24.11 inhibition on angiotensin-induced changes in plasma angiotensin II, aldosterone, and atrial natriuretic factor concentrations and blood pressure were assessed in normal volunteers. Two groups, each consisting of eight normal volunteers, received stepwise infusions of angiotensin II (2, 4, and 8 ng/kg per minute) on day 5(More)