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The mRNA level of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor DEC1 (BHLHB2)/Stra13/Sharp2 was up-regulated during chondrocyte differentiation in cultures of ATDC5 cells and growth plate chondrocytes, and in growth plate cartilage in vivo. Forced expression of DEC1 in ATDC5 cells induced chondrogenic differentiation, and insulin increased this effect of DEC1(More)
Effects of thyroid hormone on proteoglycan degradation in various regions of cartilage were investigated. In propylthiouracil-treated rats with hypothyroidism, proteoglycan degradation in epiphyseal cartilage during endochondral ossification was markedly suppressed. However, injections of T(4) reversed this effect of propylthiouracil on proteoglycan(More)
Adjuvant arthritic rats are known to be more susceptible to gastric damage induced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) than are normal rats. We compared the relative gastric safety profile of etodolac with those of meloxicam, diclofenac sodium and indometacin in adjuvant arthritic rats and normal rats or mice. As a measure of the safety(More)
Recombination reactions in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) may substantially decrease the open-circuit voltage (Voc) with cobalt complex redox electrolyte. Managing steric hindrance in the dye structure is necessary to inhibit recombination reactions and thereby increase the Voc and achieve high power-conversion efficiency (PCE). New dyes with(More)
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