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BACKGROUND The p53 transcription factor directs a transcriptional program that determines whether a cell lives or dies after DNA damage. Animal survival after extensive cellular damage often requires that lost tissue be replaced through compensatory growth or regeneration. In Drosophila, damaged imaginal disc cells can induce the proliferation of(More)
Tob inhibits bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling by interacting with receptor-regulated Smads in osteoblasts. Here we provide evidence that Tob also interacts with the inhibitory Smads 6 and 7. A yeast two-hybrid screen identified Smad6 as a protein interacting with Tob. Tob co-localizes with Smad6 at the plasma membrane and enhances the interaction(More)
The mRNA level of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor DEC1 (BHLHB2)/Stra13/Sharp2 was up-regulated during chondrocyte differentiation in cultures of ATDC5 cells and growth plate chondrocytes, and in growth plate cartilage in vivo. Forced expression of DEC1 in ATDC5 cells induced chondrogenic differentiation, and insulin increased this effect of DEC1(More)
BACKGROUND Trichophyton tonsurans, a dermatophyte implicated in an international epidemic of tinea capitis, was also found to be responsible for infecting wrestling and Judo athletes nationwide in Japan since 2001. OBJECTIVE A rapid and highly accurate means of identifying this pathogen has been required to control the infection. We have developed a T.(More)
tob is a member of antiproliferative family genes. Mice lacking tob are prone to spontaneous formation of tumors. The occurrence rate of diethylnitrosamine-induced liver tumors is higher in tob(-/-) mice than in wild-type mice. tob(-/-)p53(-/-) mice show accelerated tumor formation in comparison with single null mice. Expression of cyclin D1 mRNA is(More)
BACKGROUND In long-term follow-up after drug-eluting stents (DES) implantation, late target lesion revascularization (TLR) is occasionally required. However, the incidence and predictors for late TLR with DES have not been fully investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS Between August 2004 and March 2005, 249 consecutive patients underwent percutaneous coronary(More)
Intersphincteric resection (ISR) is an alternative to abdominoperineal resection (APR) for super-low rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term curability after ISR over an average 6-year observational period, to compare the postoperative functional outcomes for ISR with those for low anterior resection (LAR), and to determine(More)
Biomarkers for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) are useful for prediction and intervention of the disease at earlier stages. In this study, we performed a longitudinal study of changes in metabolites using an animal model of T2D, the spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) rat. Fasting plasma samples of SDT and control Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were(More)
Effects of thyroid hormone on proteoglycan degradation in various regions of cartilage were investigated. In propylthiouracil-treated rats with hypothyroidism, proteoglycan degradation in epiphyseal cartilage during endochondral ossification was markedly suppressed. However, injections of T(4) reversed this effect of propylthiouracil on proteoglycan(More)
The Zucker fatty (ZF) rat harboring a missense mutation (fatty, fa) in the leptin receptor gene (Lepr) develops obesity without diabetes; Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats derived from the ZF strain exhibit obesity with diabetes and are widely used for research on type 2 diabetes (T2D). Here we establish a novel diabetic strain derived from normoglycemic ZF(More)