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Tob inhibits bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling by interacting with receptor-regulated Smads in osteoblasts. Here we provide evidence that Tob also interacts with the inhibitory Smads 6 and 7. A yeast two-hybrid screen identified Smad6 as a protein interacting with Tob. Tob co-localizes with Smad6 at the plasma membrane and enhances the interaction(More)
BACKGROUND The p53 transcription factor directs a transcriptional program that determines whether a cell lives or dies after DNA damage. Animal survival after extensive cellular damage often requires that lost tissue be replaced through compensatory growth or regeneration. In Drosophila, damaged imaginal disc cells can induce the proliferation of(More)
We measured cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) and Mn superoxide dismutase (Mn SOD) using enzyme immunoassays in 196 neurological patients and 44 controls. The mean Cu/Zn SOD level was 55.8 +/- 27.6 (SD) ng/ml and the Mn SOD, 8.0 +/- 2.5 ng/ml in the controls. Cu/Zn SOD or Mn SOD levels showed neither age-nor(More)
Panic disorder (PD) is a moderately heritable anxiety disorder whose pathogenesis is not well understood. Due to the lack of power in previous association studies, genes that are truly associated with PD might not be detected. In this study, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in two independent data sets using the Affymetrix Mapping 500K(More)
We report an 80-year-old Japanese man with histologically-diagnosed Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). The patient was admitted to our neurological unit because of sudden onset motor aphasia-like symptoms and right hemiparesis. His medical and family histories were unremarkable, and he had taken no medications. Urine, blood counts and blood chemistry were all(More)
The Zucker fatty (ZF) rat harboring a missense mutation (fatty, fa) in the leptin receptor gene (Lepr) develops obesity without diabetes; Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats derived from the ZF strain exhibit obesity with diabetes and are widely used for research on type 2 diabetes (T2D). Here we establish a novel diabetic strain derived from normoglycemic ZF(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify association between food mixing ability and activity of jaw-closing muscles during chewing of a wax cube. Twenty subjects with complete dentitions (mean age 24.1 years) were directed to chew a two-coloured paraffin wax cube for 10 strokes on preferred chewing side. Surface electromyograms (EMG) were recorded from the(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether masticatory movements during chewing of a wax cube associate with food mixing ability. Twenty-six dentate subjects (mean age 25.3 years) were directed to chew a two-coloured paraffin wax cube for 10 strokes on preferred chewing side. Mixing Ability Index (MAI) was determined from the colour mixture and shape(More)