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The mRNA level of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor DEC1 (BHLHB2)/Stra13/Sharp2 was up-regulated during chondrocyte differentiation in cultures of ATDC5 cells and growth plate chondrocytes, and in growth plate cartilage in vivo. Forced expression of DEC1 in ATDC5 cells induced chondrogenic differentiation, and insulin increased this effect of DEC1(More)
BACKGROUND Intersphincteric resection (ISR) is an alternative to abdominoperineal resection (APR) for super-low rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term curability after ISR over an average 6-year observational period, to compare the postoperative functional outcomes for ISR with those for low anterior resection (LAR), and to(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is a major component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), and influences tumor invasion and metastasis. In a previous study, the present authors reported for the first time that 4-methylumbelliferone (MU) inhibited HA synthesis and suppressed tumor growth. However, the localization of HA and the changes in ECM morphology caused by MU in(More)
Effects of thyroid hormone on proteoglycan degradation in various regions of cartilage were investigated. In propylthiouracil-treated rats with hypothyroidism, proteoglycan degradation in epiphyseal cartilage during endochondral ossification was markedly suppressed. However, injections of T(4) reversed this effect of propylthiouracil on proteoglycan(More)
A rare case of splenic epidermoid cyst (SEC) of the pancreas discovered in a 32-year-old Japanese female is reported. The lesion, 5 x 6 cm in size including caseous material and serous fluid in the lumen, was discovered by ultrasonography and computed tomography at the tail of the pancreas and was easily removed. Histopathologically, the cystic wall(More)
BACKGROUND Trichophyton tonsurans, a dermatophyte implicated in an international epidemic of tinea capitis, was also found to be responsible for infecting wrestling and Judo athletes nationwide in Japan since 2001. OBJECTIVE A rapid and highly accurate means of identifying this pathogen has been required to control the infection. We have developed a T.(More)
Biomarkers for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) are useful for prediction and intervention of the disease at earlier stages. In this study, we performed a longitudinal study of changes in metabolites using an animal model of T2D, the spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) rat. Fasting plasma samples of SDT and control Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were(More)
The Zucker fatty (ZF) rat harboring a missense mutation (fatty, fa) in the leptin receptor gene (Lepr) develops obesity without diabetes; Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats derived from the ZF strain exhibit obesity with diabetes and are widely used for research on type 2 diabetes (T2D). Here we establish a novel diabetic strain derived from normoglycemic ZF(More)
It has not been elucidated whether certain types of M1b prostate cancer (M1b PC) are associated with a poor outcome. The present study retrospectively identified predictive factors related to the outcome of M1b PC. The subjects were 104 patients who attended our hospital and received a diagnosis of M1b PC. The observation period ranged from 4 to 122 months(More)
The SYNTAX score stratifies risk among drug-eluting stent-treated patients and is based on lesion characteristics alone. The Clinical SYNTAX Score (CSS) combines the SYNTAX score with age, ejection fraction, and creatinine clearance. We assessed its ability to stratify long-term outcomes in sirolimus-eluting stents (SES)-treated patients. Between August(More)