Eri Yokoyama

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The methanolic extract from the flowers of Helichrysum arenarium L. MOENCH was found to show inhibitory effect on tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha, 1 ng/ml)-induced cytotoxicity in L929 cells. From the methanolic extract, 50 constituents including four new flavanone and chalcone glycosides named arenariumosides I (1), II (2), III (3), and IV (4) were(More)
The nucleotide sequence of spoIIIE-like and the sporulation-inhibitory and transfer gene (spi) in a conjugative plasmid, pSA1.1, of Streptomyces azureus were examined to detect the promoter region. Using Southern blotting and a spi fragment as probe, spi-like genes were detected in chromosomes of the host and other actinomycetes. These results suggest that(More)
The hup gene encoding the histone-like HU-type protein HSl of Streptomyces lividans TK24 was cloned and sequenced. The deduced N-terminal amino acid sequence, molecular mass (9851 Da) and pI (9.95) are in good agreement with characteristics of the HSI protein. The hup transcript of about 500 nucleotides was detected. The 2.3-kb HincII fragment containing(More)
The cDNA clones encoding two chicken Deformed (Dfd) family homeobox containing genes Chox-1.4 and Chox-a were isolated. Comparison of their amino acid sequences with another chicken Dfd family homeodomain protein and with those of mouse homologues revealed that strong homologies are located in the amino terminal regions and around the homeodomains. Although(More)
pSA1.1 is a 9.1-kb multicopy plasmid originally isolated from Streptomyces cyaneus (formerly S. azureus) ATCC 14921. This plasmid accumulates single-stranded DNA in S. lividans and is therefore considered to replicate by a rolling-circle replication. In the present work, the rep gene encoding the replication initiator protein and the replication origin ori(More)
When the latter half of the hup gene encoding a histone-like protein HS1 of Streptomyces lividans TK24 was replaced by the kanamycin resistance gene, the hup mutant EY1 grew slowly in liquid medium and this delay was overcome by introduction of the complete hup. EY1 sporulated normally on solid medium, with no serious defects as observed in hupAB mutants of(More)
An antitumor polysaccharide, EA3 isolated from a Japanese edible mushroom, Flammulina velutipes (CURT. ex FR.) SING. is composed of D-glucose. Studies to determine its structure were performed by mean of partial acid hydrolysis, acetolysis and the chemical analysis of the complete hydrolysates of the fully methylated polysaccharide. Thus the chemical(More)
Streptomyces plasmid pSA1.1 accumulated single-stranded DNA as replication intermediates in S. lividans; therefore, this plasmid was considered to replicate by a rolling-circle mechanism. A DNA-binding protein (pI > 9.7 and about 10 kDa) was purified on a denatured DNA-Cellulose column, then on a native DNA-Cellulose column. The N-terminal amino acid(More)
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