Erhard Wintersberger

Learn More
Within the region around 150 bp upstream of the initiation codon, which was previously shown to suffice for growth-regulated expression, the murine thymidine kinase gene carries a single binding site for transcription factor Sp1; about 10 bp downstream of this site, there is a binding motif for transcription factor E2F. The latter protein appears to be(More)
The members of the Sp1 transcription factor family can act as both negative and positive regulators of gene expression. Here we show that Sp1 can be a target for histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1)-mediated transcriptional repression. The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A activates the chromosomally integrated murine thymidine kinase promoter in an(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21/WAF1/CIP1 is an important regulator of cell cycle progression, senescence, and differentiation. Genotoxic stress leads to activation of the tumor suppressor p53 and subsequently to induction of p21 expression. Here we show that the tumor suppressor p53 cooperates with the transcription factor Sp1 in the activation(More)
Thymidine kinase (TK) is a growth factor-inducible enzyme that is highly expressed in proliferating mammalian cells. Expression of mouse TK mRNA is controlled by transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms including antisense transcription. Here we report the identification of a novel gene that is divergently transcribed from the bidirectional TK(More)
Thymidine kinase (TK) genes from different species are growth- and cell cycle-regulated in a very similar manner; still, the promoter regions of these genes show little homology to each other. It was previously shown that the murine TK gene is growth-regulated by Sp1 and E2F. Here we have characterized cis-regulatory elements in the hamster promoter that(More)
Introduction Thymidine kinase (TK) is an enzyme of the salvage pathway of nucleotide biosynthesis. There are only a few organisms (yeast being one of them) that do not have at least one enzyme of this specificity. Also most DNA viruses, from bacteriophages to human pathogenic viruses such as herpes and vaccinia, code for TKs [l]. Some of these viral TKs are(More)
We propose that the activation of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase by DNA damage serves to decrease rapidly and transiently the cellular level of NAD (by production therefrom of poly ADP-ribose). The result is a slow-down of energy-requiring reactions, in particular of replicative DNA synthesis giving cells more time to repair the damage. We do not attribute any(More)
Polyomavirus (Py) large and small tumorantigens together are competent to induce S phase in growth-arrested mouse fibroblasts. The capacity of the large tumorantigen to bind the pocket proteins, pRB, p130 and p107, is important for the transactivation of DNA synthesis enzymes and the cyclins E and A, while the interference of small tumorantigen with protein(More)