Erhard Stupperich

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1. With fumarate as the terminal electron acceptor and either H2 or formate as donor, Vibrio succinogenes could grow anaerobically in a mineral medium using fumarate as the sole carbon source. Both the growth rate and the cell yield were increased when glutamate was also present in the medium. 2. Glutamate was incorporated only into the amino acids of the(More)
Washed and air-oxidized proteins from Sporomusa ovata cleaved the C-O bond of methanol or methoxyaromatics and transferred the methyl to dl-tetrahydrofolate. The reactions strictly required a reductive activation by titanium citrate, catalytic amounts of ATP, and the addition of dl-tetrahydrofolate. Methylcorrinoid-containing proteins carried the methanol(More)
Phenolyl cobamide was isolated from cyanide extractions of the anaerobic eubacterium Sporomusa ovata. The proposed corrinoid structure [Co alpha,Co beta-(monocyano,monoaquo)-phenolyl cobamide] has been deduced from 1H NMR, fast-atom-bombardment mass spectroscopy and ultraviolet/visible spectroscopy data. The complete corrinoid resembled p-cresolyl cobamide(More)
Ethanolamine ammonia-lyase (EAL, EC catalyzes a coenzyme B(12)-dependent deamination of vicinal amino alcohols. The mode of binding of coenzyme B(12) to EAL has been investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) using [(15)N]-dimethylbenzimidazole-coenzyme B(12). EAL was incubated with either unlabeled or (15)N-enriched(More)
Cultures of the autotrophic bacteriumMethanobacterium thermoautotrophicum were shown to assimilate acetate when grown on CO2 and H2 in the presence of acetate. At 1 mM acetate 10% of the cell carbon came from acetate, the rest from CO2. At higher concentrations the percentage increased to reach a maximum of 65%at acetate concentrations higher than 20 mM.(More)
Chlorobium limicola was grown on a mineral salts medium with CO2 as the main carbon source supplemented with specifically labeled 14C propionate and the incorporation of 14C into alanine (≙ intracellular pyruvate), aspartate (≙ oxaloacetate), and glutamate (≙ α-ketoglutarate) was studied in long term labeling experiments. During growth in presence of(More)
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum assimilates CO2 via a novel pathway which involves the synthesis of acetyl CoA from 2 CO2. The pathway of carbohydrate synthesis in this autotroph starting from acetyl CoA and CO2 was studied using, (I) 14CO2 pulse-labeling, (II) [14C]pyruvate long term labelling, and (III) enzyme studies. (I) The distribution of(More)
Eleven adenosylcorrinoid-dependent rearrangements and elimination reactions have been described during the last four decades of vitamin B12 research. In contrast, only the cobamide-dependent methionine synthase was well established as a corrinoid-dependent methyl transfer reaction. yet, investigations during the last few years revealed nine additional(More)
Chlorobium limicola has been proposed to assimilate CO2 autotrophically via a reductive tricarboxylic acid cycle rather than via the Calvin cycle. This proposal has been a matter of considerable controversy. In order to determine which pathway is operative, the bacterium was grown on a mineral salts medium with CO2 as the main carbon source supplemented(More)
Cyanocobamides were extracted from diverse bacterial species, purified by XAD-4 and neutral aluminum oxide column chromatography, and separated by isocratic reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Retention times are given for seven cobamide types: dicyanocobinamide (factor B), Co alpha-(alpha-benzimidazolyl)-Co beta-cyanocobamide, Co(More)