Erhard Franz Kaleta

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Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains, isolated from outbreaks during epizootics between 1992 and 1996 in Western European countries, were compared by restriction enzyme cleavage site mapping of the fusion (F) protein gene between nucleotides 334 and 1682 and by sequence analysis between nucleotides 47 and 435. Both methods revealed that NDV strains(More)
Partial sequence and residue substitution analyses of the fusion protein gene were performed for 68 strains of avian paramyxovirus type 1 of pigeons (PPMV-1), an antigenic variant of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) of chickens, derived from 16 countries between 1978 and 2002. The majority of isolates clustered into a single genetic lineage, termed VIb/1,(More)
In order to collect more convincing data on the aetiological agent of young pigeon disease syndrome (YPDS), a comprehensive study was performed on pigeons in German lofts with or without outbreaks of YPDS. The investigations included examination of histories, clinical signs and pathology, as well as parasitological and microbiological analysis. Pigeons in(More)
Feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica), which thrive in most European towns and cities, are commonly infected with the zoonotic bacterium Chlamydophila psittaci, the agent of psittacosis (also known as ornithosis) in humans. A number of surveys carried out over the last thirty years across Europe have detected high seropositivity values and high(More)
A new hepadnavirus (designated heron hepatitis B virus [HHBV]) has been isolated; this virus is endemic in grey herons (Ardea cinerea) in Germany and closely related to duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) by morphology of viral particles and size of the genome and of the major viral envelope and core proteins. Despite its striking similarities to DHBV, HHBV(More)
Published reports and our own diagnostic data on the avian host range of avian Chlamydophila spp. are presented in an attempt to provide evidence for the large number of bird species that have been naturally infected with chlamydia. The term 'chlamydia-positive' is based on either isolation of the organism and antigen detection or on serological detection(More)
From a virus stock (designated BVC 78) of 'viral encephalomyelitis of pigeons' an avian paramyxovirus type 1 was isolated in 1981. This virus shares all known characteristics with paramyxoviruses which were later (1982/84) obtained from diseased pigeons in the panzootic in Europe and elsewhere. It appears that the BVC 78 virus represents the first isolate(More)
The family of herpesviridae is divided into the subfamilies alpha-, beta- and gammaherpesvirinae. Members of the alphaherpesvirinae (infectious laryngo-tracheitis in gallinaceous birds and duck viral enteritis in waterfowl) may cause substantial economic and ecological losses. Marek's disease and turkey herpesviruses are the only members of the(More)
Two Muscovy duck reoviruses, strains y1/79 and 1625/87, were investigated with regard to their genome organization, polypeptide pattern, serotype specificity, and pathogenicity. Electrophoretic analysis of the genome revealed the migration pattern of avian reoviruses. In spite of general conformity, great polymorphism was detected in the electrophoretic(More)
Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) causes severe disease characterized by irreversible feather disorders and severe immunosuppression in many psittacine species. BFDV cannot be propagated in tissue or cell cultures, rendering virus propagation and thus diagnosis rather difficult. To develop reliable diagnostic methods, the region encoding the BFDV capsid(More)