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We developed a new agar, egg yolk emulsion (EYE) agar, for cultivation of Helicobacter pylori. EYE agar contains Columbia agar base (Oxoid), 10% EYE (Oxoid), 1% IsoVitaleX (BBL), and 40 mg of Triphenyleteraxolium chloride (Sigma) per liter. We compared EYE agar with the following agars: (i) brain heart infusion agar-7% horse blood-1% IsoVitaleX (GDW agar;(More)
Pyloriset (Orion Diagnostica, Espoo, Finland) is a rapid antibody test using latex particles coated with acid-extracted antigen of Helicobacter pylori. We evaluated its ability to predict infection in 100 adult patients and 50 pediatric patients referred for gastric endoscopy. Sixty of 65 H. pylori-infected adults were correctly identified by the test.(More)
Studies were conducted to examine acute hepatic and renal toxicity of dichlorobenzene (DCB) structural isomers. Male Fischer 344 (F344) rats were injected with 2, 3 or 4 mmol kg-1 of 1,2-DCB, 1,3-DCB or 1,4-DCB (o-, m-, p-). Pair-fed control (PFC) animals were injected (i.p.) with corn oil (1 ml kg-1). Hepatic and renal toxicity was quantitated 24 h after(More)
This study examined the contribution of biotransformation by the mixed function oxidase system on hepatic and renal toxicity of 1,2-dichlorobenzene (1,2-DCB). Male Fischer 344 (F344) rats (190-250 g) were pretreated with phenobarbital (PB), beta-naphthoflavone (BNF), pyridine (PYR), piperonyl butoxide (PiBx) or vehicle prior to the administration of 2 or 3(More)
The therapeutic use of cisplatin is associated with acute renal failure. The purpose of this study was to determine (a) if streptozotocin (STZ) was toxic to renal proximal tubules and (b) the nephrotoxicity of cisplatin in STZ-diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with STZ (55 mg/kg, ip) to induce a diabetic state. BUN and renal cortical(More)
Urine cultures represent one of the most commonly submitted specimens to a microbiology laboratory. In an attempt to manage effectively this type of specimen, Bac-T-Screen (BTS), nitrate and leukoestrase test were performed on all clean catch urine specimens sent for culture. Three hundred and four specimens were screened by these methods. The BTS, by(More)
Clostridium difficile is the prime etiologic agent in the production of pseudomembranous colitis by its powerful cytotoxin. The most common test for the toxin is a tissue culture method with neutralization of cytopathic effect by a C. difficile antiserum. This method is expensive and requires a minimum of 72 hours before results can be obtained. Attempts to(More)
Previous work has demonstrated that cisplatin nephrotoxicity was attenuated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The following studies investigated the hypothesis that renal cisplatin accumulation was reduced in diabetic rats. Male Fischer 344 (F344) rats were injected with 32 mg/kg STZ (i.p.) or citrate buffer. Renal platinum (Pt) accumulation(More)
Mononuclear inflammatory cells (MIC) in renal biopsies from 37 patients with renal disease were studied by avidin--biotin--immunoperoxidase complex (ABC) technique, utilizing monoclonal antibodies to cell surface antigens: T11 (total T), T4 (inducer/helper), T8 (suppressor/cytotoxic), B1 (B cells), M1 (monocytes), and Leu-7 (natural killer, NK cells). Renal(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if cephaloridine nephrotoxicity is attenuated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Fischer 344 (F344) rats (205-250 g) were given a single injection (i.p.) of STZ (27-35 mg/kg) or citrate buffer. The nephrotoxicity of (750 mg/kg) cephaloridine (i.p.) was then compared with normoglycemic and 14-day(More)