Ergin Atalar

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— This paper reports a novel hybrid method of tracking the position and orientation of robotic medical instruments within the imaging volume of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system. The method utilizes two complementary measurement techniques: passive MRI fiducial markers and MRI-compatible joint encoding. This paper reports an experimental evaluation(More)
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the use of a transrectal system that enables precise magnetic resonance (MR) image guidance and monitoring of prostate interventions. The system used a closed-bore 1.5-T MR imaging unit and enables one to take advantage of the higher signal-to-noise ratio achieved with traditional magnet designs, which is crucial(More)
Using magnetic resonance (MR) tagging, it is possible to track tissue motion by accurate detection of tag line positions. The authors show that with a least squares estimation algorithm, it is possible to define the position of the tag lines with a precision on the order of a tenth of a pixel. They calculate the Cramer-Rao bound for the tag position(More)
We present the proof-of-concept prototype of a prostate biopsy robot to be used inside a conventional high-field MRI scanner. A three degree-of-freedom (DOF) mechanical device translates and rotates inside the rectum and enters a needle into the body, and steers the needle to a target point pre-selected by the user. The device is guided by real-time images(More)
The harmonic phase (HARP) method provides automatic and rapid analysis of tagged magnetic resonance (MR) images for quantification and visualization of myocardial strain. In this article, the development and implementation of a pulse sequence that acquires HARP images in real time are described. In this pulse sequence, a CINE sequence of images with 1-1(More)
PURPOSE Understanding the internal dynamics of prostate injections, particularly injection pattern distribution is a key step to developing new therapies for prostate disease that may be best served with a direct injection approach. Due to excellent properties involving liquid contrast agents, MRI can be used for targeting and monitoring of injections into(More)
This paper reports a novel remotely actuated manipulator for access to prostate tissue under magnetic resonance imaging guidance (APT-MRI) device, designed for use in a standard high-field MRI scanner. The device provides three-dimensional MRI guided needle placement with millimeter accuracy under physician control. Procedures enabled by this device include(More)
The biological basis for the development of the cerebro-cerebellar structures required for posture and gait in humans is poorly understood. We investigated a large consanguineous family from Turkey exhibiting an extremely rare phenotype associated with quadrupedal locomotion, mental retardation, and cerebro-cerebellar hypoplasia, linked to a 7.1-Mb region(More)
—Temperature detection using microwave radiom-etry has proven value for noninvasively measuring the absolute temperature of tissues inside the body. However, current clinical radiometers operate in the gigahertz range, which limits their depth of penetration. We have designed and built a noninvasive radiometer which operates at radio frequencies (64 MHz)(More)