Learn More
BACKGROUND Although there have been recent advances in echocardiography, many studies remain suboptimal due to poor image quality and unclear blood-myocardium border. We developed a novel image processing technique, cardiac variability imaging (CVI), based on the variance of pixel intensity values during passage of ultrasound microbubble contrast into the(More)
The cortex of the blind mole rat (Spalax ehrenbergi) was explored for somatosensory responses with special reference to an extension into the occipital cortex which serves vision in sighted mammals. Head and body representation was similar as in other rodents or mammals. However, the somatosensory area extended far into the occipital cortex. No responses to(More)
The occipital cortex of the naturally blind mole rat, Spalax ehrenbergi, is occupied by an area of somatosensory representation. To date, no visual cortex has been identified electrophysiologically. In order to determine whether there are corresponding modifications in the thalamus, thalamocortical connections were studied with neuroanatomical tracing(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to test a novel echocardiographic method based on contrast variability imaging (CVI), to quantify cardiac dyssynchrony and magnitude of resynchronization achieved by left ventricular (LV) and biventricular (BiV) pacing therapy. BACKGROUND Left ventricular or BiV pacing is a promising new therapy for patients with heart failure(More)
Although the value of heart rate variability (HRV) for risk stratification after acute myocardial infarction has been demonstrated, the value of low HRV as a predictor of sudden cardiac death in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy has not been shown convincingly to date. We retrospectively analyzed electrocardiographic data from 179 patients in the(More)
Beat-to-beat QT interval variability (QTV) quantifies lability in ventricular repolarization. We hypothesized that myocardial ischemia destabilizes ventricular repolarization and increases QTV. We analyzed 2-hour 2-lead digitized electrocardiogram records of 68 patients in the European ST-T Database. All patients had ischemic episodes during the 2-hour(More)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is highly sensitive to motion; hence current practice is based on the prevention of motion during scan. In newborns, young children, and patients with limited cooperation, this commonly requires full sedation or general anesthesia, which is time consuming, costly, and is associated with significant risks. Despite progress in(More)
The hypothesis that the somatosensory system in the naturally blind subterranean rodent Spalax ehrenbergi (= mole rat) is enlarged was tested by measuring the volume of somatosensory cortex and somatosensory thalamic nuclei (Nuclei ventrales posteromedialis and posterolateralis). Electrophysiology and tracing were used to identify and delineate these areas.(More)
The left ventricular (LV) end-systolic pressure-volume relation (ESPVR) is a load-insensitive method for evaluating LV contractility, which needs invasive measurement. Some noninvasive methods substitute peak aortic pressure (Ps) for end-systolic LV pressure by assuming there is no difference between these pressures. However, this assumption has not been(More)
Natural blindness and a subterranean, digging mode of life demand peculiar adaptations of the central nervous system in the mole rat Spalax ehrenbergi, which are the focus of this quantitative investigation. Volumes of 25 brain structures in Spalax were evaluated allometrically, using the least encephalized mammalian species, the Madagassian hedgehog-like(More)