Learn More
The complex host-pathogen interplay involves the recognition of the pathogen by the host's innate immune system and countermeasures taken by the pathogen. Detection of invading bacteria by the host leads to rapid activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB, followed by inflammation and eradication of the intruders. In response, some pathogens,(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans mtf-1 encodes matefin, which has a predicted SUN domain, a coiled-coil region, an anti-erbB-2 IgG domain, and two hydrophobic regions. We show that matefin is a nuclear membrane protein that colocalizes in vivo with Ce-lamin, the single nuclear lamin protein in C. elegans, and binds Ce-lamin in vitro but does not require Ce-lamin for(More)
UNLABELLED Type III secretion systems (TTSSs) are employed by pathogens to translocate host cells with effector proteins, which are crucial for virulence. The dynamics of effector translocation, behavior of the translocating bacteria, translocation temporal order, and relative amounts of each of the translocated effectors are all poorly characterized. To(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), a major gastrointestinal pathogen, causes infantile diarrhea in many developing countries. EPEC is an attaching and effacing (A/E) pathogen that utilizes a LEE-encoded type III secretion system (TTSS) to deliver effector proteins into host cells. These effectors have been identified as potential virulence factors in(More)
The nuclear lamina is a structure near the inner nuclear membrane and the peripheral chromatin. It is composed of lamins, which are also present in the nuclear interior, and lamin-associated proteins. The increasing number of proteins that interact with lamins and the compound interactions between these proteins and chromatin-associated proteins make the(More)
Cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) regulates many important bacterial processes. Freely diffusible intracellular c-di-GMP is determined by the action of metabolizing enzymes that allow integration of numerous input signals. c-di-GMP specifically regulates multiple cellular processes by binding to diverse target molecules. This review highlights important questions in(More)
We report the 1.9 Å resolution crystal structure of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli GfcC, a periplasmic protein encoded by the gfc operon, which is essential for assembly of group 4 polysaccharide capsule (O-antigen capsule). Presumed gene orthologs of gfcC are present in capsule-encoding regions of at least 29 genera of Gram-negative bacteria. GfcC, a(More)
Bacteria use type III secretion systems (TTSS) to translocate effector proteins into host cells. Better understanding of the TTSS and its effectors' functions will require assays to measure their activities in vivo and in real time. We designed a real-time, high-throughput translocation assay that utilizes fusions of effector genes to the beta-lactamase(More)
The complex host-pathogen interplay involves the recognition of the pathogen by the host’s innate immune system and countermeasures taken by the pathogen. Detection of invading bacteria by the host leads to rapid activation of the transcription factor NF-kB, followed by inflammation and eradication of the intruders. In response, some pathogens, including(More)
The complex host-pathogen interplay involves the recognition of the pathogen by the host’s innate immune system and countermeasures taken by the pathogen. Detection of invading bacteria by the host leads to rapid activation of the transcription factor NF-kB, followed by inflammation and eradication of the intruders. In response, some pathogens, including(More)