Erdoo Gan

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A microimmunofluorescence (micro-IFA) test has been adapted to the study of naturally occurring antibody to Rickettsia tsutsugamushi in humans. The micro-IFA test was comparable to the present immlnofluorescent assay in sensitivity and reproducibility, but offered distinct advantages in the quantity of reagents necessary. Also the micro-IFA could be used to(More)
An indirect immunoperoxidase test was compared with an indirect fluorescent antibody test and the Weil-Felix OXK test for serodiagnosis of scrub typhus by measuring the rickettsial antigen specific activity of IgG, IgM, and whole globulin. Acute and convalescent sera from 50 Rickettsia tsutsugamushi isolate-positive scrub typhus patients and from 45 febrile(More)
Scrub typhus is a major cause of febrile illness throughout the Asia-Pacific region. It is commonly undiagnosed, partly because of the lack of a simple, reliable diagnostic test which can be used in clinical laboratories. The indirect immunoperoxidase technique, configured into a test kit, was provided to technicians who were trained in its use. They used(More)
One hundred and fourteen Rickettsia tsutsugamushi isolates, recovered from febrile patients in central Peninsular Malaysia, were antigenically analyzed by direct immunofluorescence using eight prototype strains. Twenty-nine antigenic types were detected. The TA763, TA716, Karp and TA686 strains were the most common and occurred singly or in combination with(More)
The strains of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi found in naturally infected, laboratory-reared Leptotrombidium (Leptotrombidium) arenicola and L. (L.) fletcheri chiggers were characterized by direct immunofluorescence (FA) and by mouse and monkey virulence tests. The strains existing in the L. (L.) arenicola chiggers consisted of different combinations of TA716,(More)
Silvered leaf monkeys (Presbytis cristatus) that had recovered from active Rickettsia tsutsugamushi infections 14 months previously became rickettsemic when inoculated with homologous, related, or unrelated strains of R. tsutsugamushi. In contrast to the results after the initial infection that produced disease, no signs were observed after the subsequent(More)