The principal constituents of computational intelligence are fuzzy logic, neural networks and evolutionary algorithms, with emphasis in their mutual enhancement. The present paper reviews some applications of these formalisms in the area of medical image processing, where advantage is taken from the ability of fuzzy logic to work with imprecise information,… (More)
The correct segmentation of blood vessels in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images may be an important requirement for the analysis of intra-retinal layer thickness in human retinal diseases. We developed a shape model based procedure for the automatic segmentation of retinal blood vessels in spectral domain (SD)-OCT scans acquired with the Spectralis… (More)
PURPOSE To develop and evaluate a method for automated segmentation and quantitative analysis of pathological cavities in the retina visualized by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans. METHODS The algorithm is based on the segmentation of the gray-level intensities within a B-scan by a k-means cluster analysis and subsequent… (More)
1 Schwerbehinderte in der Arbeitswelt 1.1 Alterung und Arbeitswelt Eine gesellschaftliche Entwicklung prägt das 21. Jahrhundert in nie vorhergesehener Weise-die " Alterung der Menschheit ". Das bedeutet, dass die Menschheit in einer Ge-schwindigkeit und einem Ausmaß altert, das unsere Vorstellungskraft zu sprengen droht.