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BACKGROUND Statin pretreatment has been associated with a decrease in myocardial ischemia markers after various procedures and cardiovascular events. This study examined the potential beneficial effects of preoperative atorvastatin treatment among patients undergoing on-pump CABG operation. METHODS Twenty patients that had received atorvastatin treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxygen-derived free radicals have been suggested as important in degeneration after spinal cord ischemia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether erdosteine has a protective effect against spinal cord ischemia during aortic cross clamping. MATERIALS AND METHODS New Zealand White rabbits (n=21) were divided into three groups. In the(More)
Postmortem examination of a 35-year-old parous woman who died suddenly revealed a hydatid cyst mass located at the right ventricular outlet, with a grossly discernible defect opening to the pulmonary outflow tract. Pulmonary hemorrhage, follicular bronchitis, and bronchiolitis also were present, with severe acute purulent exudation in the airways. Hydatid(More)
A saccular aortic arch aneurysm that is secondary to aortic arch coarctation and that is accompanied by a ventricular septal defect is a rare combination in the adolescent patient. Total simultaneous repair of all of these conditions is desirable, because of the higher morbidity and mortality rates of staged procedures-particularly when resection of the(More)
Studies were performed to examine the effect of experimental diabetes (4-6 weeks duration) on both the passive elastic and active myogenic properties of isolated skeletal muscle arterioles. Studies were conducted on untreated streptozotocin (60 mg/kg)-induced diabetic rats and in similar rats treated daily with either amino-guanidine (25 mg/kg) or(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the effect of pulmonary blood flow and pulmonary hypertension on plasma endothelin-1, homocysteine and serum nitric oxide levels in patients with left-to-right shunt lesions with pulmonary hypertension and also with normal pulmonary arterial pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS Plasma endothelin-1, homocysteine and nitric(More)
True subclavian artery aneurysm (SAA) is a rare type of peripheral artery aneurysm. Thoracic outlet syndrome and atherosclerosis are the most common etiological factors [1]. Halsted [2] explained the poststenotic dilatation and the aneurysm development to be a result of turbulent flow near the narrowing and low blood pressure distal to the stenosis. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of iloprost, a cytoprotective prostacyclin analog, on renal injury during unilateral renal I/R in rats and to determine whether the levels of serum cystatin C (CyC) and beta2-microglobulin (B2M), as markers of glomerular function, might denote this injury. Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomized into(More)
The plasma concentrations of homocysteine and lipoprotein A are independent risk factors for atherosclerotic vascular disease. Nitric oxide (NO) and folate values are also important in atherogenesis. The authors aimed to evaluate these parameters in patients having coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS) before 50 years of age and in their children. In 31(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by a weakness of the muscles with remissions and exacerbations due to antibodies against acetylcholine receptors. Most of the patients die because of a respiratory failure toward the end of the disease. A 49-year-old male patient with MG in whom a thymectomy operation had been performed five(More)