Erasmus Schneider

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A human breast cancer cell line (MCF7/WT) was selected for resistance to etoposide (VP-16) by stepwise exposure to 2-fold increasing concentrations of this agent. The resulting cell line (MCF7/VP) was 28-, 21-, and 9-fold resistant to VP-16, VM-26, and doxorubicin, respectively. MCF7/VP cells also exhibited low-level cross-resistance to(More)
The existence of an ATP-dependent methotrexate (MTX) efflux mechanism has long been postulated; however, until recently, the molecular components were largely unknown. We have previously demonstrated a role for the ATP-binding cassette transporter breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) in MTX resistance (Volk et al., Cancer Res., 62: 5035-5040, 2002).(More)
Complex corrective osteotomies in the lower extremities require precise preoperative planning. Fifty patients (37 male, 13 female) with an average age of 31 years (13 to 61 years) who had suffered fractures of the lower limbs and had been treated by osteosynthetic or conservative methods were studied, using a GE 9800 Quick CT; accurate and reproducible(More)
In mammals, dosage compensation of X-linked genes is achieved by the transcriptional silencing of one X chromosome in the female (reviewed in ref. 1). This process, called X inactivation, is usually random in the embryo proper. In marsupials and the extra-embryonic region of the mouse, however, X inactivation is imprinted: the paternal X chromosome is(More)
Development of an optimal interface between bone and orthopaedic and dental implants has taken place for many years. In order to determine whether a newly developed implant material conforms to the requirements of biocompatibility, mechanical stability and safety, it must undergo rigorous testing both in vitro and in vivo. Results from in vitro studies can(More)
BACKGROUND Human cancer cell lines grown in the presence of the cytotoxic agent mitoxantrone frequently develop resistance associated with a reduction in intracellular drug accumulation without increased expression of the known drug resistance transporters P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance protein (also known as multidrug resistance-associated(More)
To examine the role of multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) and glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) in cellular resistance to antineoplastic drugs, derivatives of MCF7 breast carcinoma cells were developed that express MRP1 in combination with one of three human cytosolic isozymes of GST. Expression of MRP1 alone confers resistance to several drugs(More)
A cDNA encoding human gamma-glutamyl hydrolase has been identified by searching an expressed sequence tag data base and using rat gamma-glutamyl hydrolase cDNA as the query sequence. The cDNA encodes a 318-amino acid protein of Mr 35,960. The deduced amino acid sequence of human gamma-glutamyl hydrolase shows 67% identity to that of rat gamma-glutamyl(More)
We have previously described a mitoxantrone-resistant human breast carcinoma cell line, MCF7/MX, in which resistance was associated with a defect in the energy-dependent accumulation of mitoxantrone in the absence of P-glycoprotein overexpression (M. Nakagawa et al., Cancer Res. 52: 6175-6181, 1992). We now report that this cell line is highly(More)
We have previously described a mitoxantrone-resistant MCF7 cell line that is cross-resistant to topotecan, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxy-camptothecin (CPT-11), and 9-aminocamptothecin, but not to camptothecin. A novel mechanism that resulted in decreased topotecan accumulation in MCF7/MX cells was proposed (Yang et al. Cancer Res 55:(More)