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In this study, the fecal microbiota of 153 healthy volunteers, recruited from four different locations in Italy, has been studied by coupling viable counts, on different microbiological media, with ribosomal RNA Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (rRNA-DGGE). The volunteers followed three different diets, namely omnivore, ovo-lacto-vegetarian and(More)
Microorganisms are an essential component of cheeses and play important roles during both cheese manufacture and ripening. Both starter and secondary flora modify the physical and chemical properties of cheese, contributing and reacting to changes that occur during the manufacture and ripening of cheese. As the composition of microbial population changes(More)
Impedance microbiology is a method that enables tracing microbial growth by measuring the change in the electrical conductivity. Different systems, able to perform this measurement, are available in commerce and are commonly used for food control analysis by mean of measuring a point of the impedance curve, defined "time of detection." With this work we(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate how two new hydrolysates from poultry by-products act on ten lactobacilli growth kinetics when supplemented to the growth medium. These effects were compared with ones induced by two most common commercial hydrolysates, i.e., tryptone and peptone. Growth medium, supplemented with one of new hydrolysates, 78T, as only(More)
Lactobacillus rhamnosus is a non-starter lactic acid bacterium that plays a significant role during cheese ripening, leading to the formation of flavor. In long-ripened cheeses it persists throughout the whole time of ripening due to its capacity to adapt to changing environmental conditions. The versatile adaptability of L. rhamnosus to different(More)
The S-layer-encoding genes of 21 Lactobacillus helveticus strains were characterized. Phylogenetic analysis based on the identified S-layer genes revealed two main clusters, one which includes a sequence similar to that of the slpH1 gene of L. helveticus CNRZ 892 and a second cluster which includes genes similar to that of prtY. These results were further(More)
– This study was undertaken to achieve more information on the aminopeptidase activities expressed in Propionibacterium freudenreichii strains naturally occurring in milk and dairy products. Fifty four strains belonging to both subspecies freudenreichii and sher-manii were analyzed for activity towards different amino acyl β-naphthylamide (βNA) derivatives.(More)
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