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Two phospholipases A2 of mol. wt 14,500 (P1) and 14,400 (P2) and pI 9.2 and 7.4 respectively were isolated from Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus venom. The two isoenzymes cross-reacted immunologically with phospholipase A2 from C. adamanteus and C, atrox, but not with Mojave toxin, excluding them as the basic subunit of the Mojave toxin complex. C. s.(More)
To determine the influence of variations in both lipid species and lipid packing on phospholipase A2 (PLA2) hydrolytic activity, the activities of two PLA2 isolated from Crotalus molossus molossus venom, were followed on unilamellar liposomes modified by membrane-active peptides. Enzymatic activity was compared with cytolytic activity on human and mouse(More)
Mojave toxin (MT) was detected in five of 25 Crotalus helleri (Southern Pacific rattlesnake) sampled using anti-MT antibodies and nucleotide sequence analysis. All of the venoms that were positive for MT were collected from Mt San Jacinto in Riverside Co., California. Since this population is geographically isolated from C. scutulatus scutulatus (Mojave(More)
Using fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-streptavidin, quartz fibre-immobilized antibody (FiAb) and the evanescent wave component of a light beam, detection of Botulinum Toxin-B (BoTX) is described. Exposure of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane/glutaraldehyde (APTS/GA) treated quartz fibres to increasing amounts of anti-BoTX Ab indicated toxin binding to increase(More)
Russian thistle pollen extract was analyzed by immunoblots of isoelectric focused and SDS-PAGE gels. Twenty distinct protein bands were recognized by human IgE- and IgG-specific antibodies in the immunoblot from the SDS-PAGE gel. Molecular weights of these allergens ranged from 12.2 kD to 85 kD. Seventeen bands were detected on isoelectric focusing(More)
The venom composition of Mojave rattlesnakes (Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus) differs in that some individuals have Mojave toxin and others do not. In order to understand the genetic basis for this difference, genomic DNA samples from Mojave rattlesnakes collected in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas were analyzed for the presence of DNA sequences that relate(More)
Mojave toxin was found in comparable quantities in venoms from Mojave rattlesnakes captured in the Big Bend region of Texas and southeastern Arizona. Toxicities in mice were also comparable. Electrophoretic profiles of venom differed significantly between the two groups, suggesting two genetic divergent groups. Immunotransfer revealed several(More)
Mojave toxin, the principal toxic component of the venom of the Mojave rattlesnake Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus, is a protein complex of about 22,000 mol. wt. The mechanism of action of this potent (LD50 = 0.039 micrograms/g, mouse, IV) neurotoxin is a matter of conjecture, but physiologic data suggest a presynaptic site of action with disruption of(More)
The hydrolytic activity and interaction of acidic and neutral phospholipase A2 (PLA2) with large unilamellar liposomes treated with cobra venom cytotoxin Vc5 (CT Vc5) were studied to more fully understand the modulating effects of cationic membrane-active peptides on PLA2. Studies were done by fluorescence displacement, EPR spin probes, and 31P-NMR. The(More)
Complement inactivating properties were detected in venom from the southern California distribution of Crotalus oreganus helleri (Southern Pacific Rattlesnake). This activity showed strong geographic bias to the San Bernardino Mountain range, and venom from this area reacted strongly with Fraction 5 antiserum (AF5). However, venoms from the San Jacinto(More)