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Snake venom toxins are responsible for causing severe pathology and toxicity following envenomation including necrosis, apoptosis, neurotoxicity, myotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, profuse hemorrhage, and disruption of blood homeostasis. Clinically, snake venom toxins therefore represent a significant hazard to snakebite victims which underscores the need to(More)
The metalloproteinase composition and biochemical profiles of rattlesnake venom can be highly variable among rattlesnakes of the same species. We have previously shown that the neurotoxic properties of the Mojave rattlesnake (Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus) are associated with the presence of the Mojave toxin A subunit suggesting the existence of a genetic(More)
To determine the influence of variations in both lipid species and lipid packing on phospholipase A2 (PLA2) hydrolytic activity, the activities of two PLA2 isolated from Crotalus molossus molossus venom, were followed on unilamellar liposomes modified by membrane-active peptides. Enzymatic activity was compared with cytolytic activity on human and mouse(More)
Mojave toxin, the principal toxic component of the venom of the Mojave rattlesnake Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus, is a protein complex of about 22,000 mol. wt. The mechanism of action of this potent (LD50 = 0.039 micrograms/g, mouse, IV) neurotoxin is a matter of conjecture, but physiologic data suggest a presynaptic site of action with disruption of(More)
Effects of purified Mojave toxin on rat synaptic membrane (Ca+2 + Mg+2)-ATPase and dihydropyridine receptor were determined. The toxin was observed to stimulate specifically (Ca+2 + Mg+2)-ATPase approximately two-fold with no effect on Mg+2 dependent ATPase activity. Examination of the effects of increasing amounts of purified Mojave toxin on binding of the(More)
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