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Factors governing hydration, regioselectivity and conformational choice in hydrated carbohydrates have been examined by determining and reviewing the structures of a systematically varied set of singly and multiply hydrated monosaccharide complexes in the gas phase. This has been achieved through a combination of experiments, including infrared… (More)
Dioxime oxalates are useful precursors for the clean generation of iminyl radicals by sensitised UV photolysis and can be adapted for serviceable preparations of 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrroles and phenanthridines.
Carbamoyl radicals were generated from oxime oxalate amides, and the kinetics of their 4-exo cyclizations onto C=C and C=NO bonds, leading to beta-lactam-containing species, were studied by EPR spectroscopy. DFT computations with model carbamoyl radicals predicted 4-exo ring closures onto C=NO bonds to be facile, especially when tert-butyl substituents were… (More)
Photosensitized decomposition of oxime oxalate amides is a useful new route to carbamoyl radicals that may cyclise to afford beta- or gamma-lactams.
Carbon-based nanomaterials have attracted much interest during the last decade for biomedical applications. Multimodal imaging probes based on carbon nano-onions (CNOs) have emerged as a platform for bioimaging because of their cell-penetration properties and minimal systemic toxicity. Here, we describe the covalent functionalization of CNOs with… (More)
The sequential combination of native chemical ligation and thiol-ene radical chemistry (NCL-TEC) on the resulting cysteine thiol has been investigated as a methodology for rapidly accessing functionalized peptides. Three sequential cycles of native chemical ligation and subsequent thiyl radical reactions (including a free-radical-mediated desulfurization… (More)
The intermolecular thiol-ene reaction is emerging as a highly efficient; free-radical mediated "click" process with diverse applications in biofunctionalisation and materials science. The related intramolecular thiol-ene reactions offer significant potential for the preparation of a wide range of sulphur containing heterocycles including synthetic… (More)
The use of intramolecular thiyl radical cyclizations for the synthesis of thiosugars has been investigated, and a new free-radical-based methodology for the synthesis of biologically important thiosugars has been developed. The methodology is mild and proceeds via either 6-endo or 5-exo cyclization to furnish the thiosugar ring. This represents the first… (More)