Eoin F. J. Cosgrave

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Immunoglobulins and Fc receptors are critical glycoprotein components of the immune system. Fc receptors bind the Fc (effector) region of antibody molecules and communicate information within the innate and adaptive immune systems. Glycosylation of antibodies, particularly in the Fc region of IgG, has been extensively studied in health and disease. The(More)
FcγRs play a critical role in the immune response following recognition of invading particles and tumor associated antigens by circulating antibodies. In the present study we investigated the role of FcγR glycosylation in the IgG interaction and observed a stabilizing role for receptor N-glycans. We performed a complete glycan analysis of the recombinant(More)
Immune recognition of nonself is coordinated through complex mechanisms involving both innate and adaptive responses. Circulating antibodies communicate with effector cells of the innate immune system through surface receptors known as Fcγ receptors (FcγRs). The FcγRs are single-pass transmembrane glycoproteins responsible for regulating innate effector(More)
Many bacteria have evolved ways to interact with glycosylation functions of the immune system of their hosts. Streptococcus pyogenes [GAS (group A Streptococcus)] secretes the enzyme EndoS that cleaves glycans on human IgG and impairs the effector functions of the antibody. The ndoS gene, encoding EndoS, has, until now, been thought to be conserved(More)
Enzymes that affect glycoproteins of the human immune system, and thereby modulate defense responses, are abundant among bacterial pathogens. Two endoglycosidases from the human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes, EndoS and EndoS2, have recently been shown to hydrolyze N-linked glycans of human immunoglobulin G. However, detailed characterization and(More)
Protein N-glycosylation is a common post-translational modification that produces a complex array of branched glycan structures. The levels of branching, or antennarity, give rise to differential biological activities for single glycoproteins. However, the precise mechanism controlling the glycan branching and glycosylation network is unknown. Here, we(More)
Glycosidases are widespread among bacteria. The opportunistic human pathogen Enterococcus faecalis encodes several putative glycosidases but little is known about their functions. The identified endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase EndoE has activity on the N-linked glycans of the human immunoglobulin G (IgG). In this report we identified the human glycoprotein(More)
Fc gamma receptors (FcyR) bind the Fc region of antibodies and therefore play a prominent role in antibody-dependent cell-based immune responses such as ADCC, CDC and ADCP. The immune effector cell activity is directly linked to a productive molecular engagement of FcyRs where both the protein and glycan moiety of antibody and receptor can affect the(More)
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