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The aim of this study was to determine whether differences occur in seminal concentrations of white blood corpuscles (sWBC) and whether WBC production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is related to the infiltration of one or more male sexual glands. We studied 70 infertile patients affected by bacterial male accessory gland infections (MAGI) who were(More)
Male accessory gland infection (MAGI) has been identified among those diagnostic categories which have a negative impact on the reproductive function and fertility in males (Rowe et al., World Health Organization Manual for the Standardised Investigation and Diagnosis of the Infertile Couple, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993). MAGI is a hypernym(More)
The effects of long-term (14-120 months) hCG-treatment of 17 male patients affected by isolated hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (IHH) on testicular volume, plasma testosterone levels, and sperm concentration were assessed. Mean testicular volume increased from 3.8 +/- 0.2 (Mean +/- SEM) ml to a maximal of 14.9 +/- 1.1 ml after 22.2 +/- 2.3 months of hCG(More)
Various compounds have been used in the attempt to improve sperm motility, including pentoxifylline (PF), a methylxanthine derivative. It has been postulated that PF, being a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, increases sperm kinematic parameters and the number of spermatozoa exhibiting hyperactivated motility by raising the intracellular content of cAMP, a(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently shown that patients with prostato-vesiculo-epididymitis (PVE) have a greater reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction than patients with prostatitis or prostato-vesiculitis. Since this biochemical stress persists even after treatment with antimicrobials, it may relate to an imbalance between pro- and anti-oxidant factors at(More)
Azoospermic patients can now father children once spermatozoa have been retrieved from the epididymis or the testis. However, there are concerns about the risk of chromosomal abnormalities since an increase in sperm aneuploidy rate has been reported in samples from patients with abnormal sperm parameters. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate(More)
MAGI is the inflammation of the accessory male glands that notoriously exerts a negative influence on male fertility. The diagnosis is integrated by clinical, laboratory and ultrasound evaluation. In particular, the ultrasound criteria were published in 1999. The aim of this study was to analyse the sensitivity and specificity of additional diagnostic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the association of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds may be beneficial in treatment of patients with abacterial prostatovesiculoepididymitis (PVE) and elevated seminal leukocyte concentrations. DESIGN Open, prospective, random study. SETTING Academic research environment. PATIENT(S) Ninety-eight patients with(More)
Infertile patients with abnormal sperm parameters have an increased sperm aneuploidy rate, despite a normal blood karyotype. The evaluation of sperm chromosome aberrations in patients with teratozoospermia only has shown a rate similar to that found in patients exhibiting oligo-astheno-teratozoospermia, which suggests that teratozoospermia is the critical(More)
Cigarette smoking by the male partner adversely affects assisted reproductive techniques, suggesting that it may damage sperm chromatin/DNA and consequently embryo development. The effects of graded concentrations of research cigarettes smoke extract (CSE) on motility, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), chromatin integrity and apoptosis were evaluated(More)