Enzo Paoletti

Learn More
The complete DNA sequence of the genome of vaccinia virus has been determined. The genome consisted of 191,636 bp with a base composition of 66.6% A + T. We have identified 198 "major" protein-coding regions and 65 overlapping "minor" regions, for a total of 263 potential genes. Genes encoded by the virus were located by examination of DNA sequence(More)
A cDNA encoding a double-stranded-RNA (dsRNA)-binding protein was isolated by screening a HeLa cell cDNA expression library for proteins that bind the HIV-1 Rev-responsive-element RNA. The cDNA encoded a protein that was identical to TRBP, the previously reported cellular protein that binds the transactivation response element (TAR) RNA of human(More)
A gene encoding an 18-kDa polypeptide (ORF C7L) located in the vaccinia virus HindIII C fragment was shown to be functionally equivalent to previously described host range gene (ORF K1L) spanning the HindIII K/M fragment junction. Either C7L or K1L host range gene is necessary and sufficient by itself to allow replication of vaccinia virus on human cells.(More)
  • Enzo Paoletti
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1996
Recombinant pox viruses have been generated for vaccination against heterologous pathogens. Amongst these, the following are notable examples. (i) The engineering of the Copenhagen strain of vaccinia virus to express the rabies virus glycoprotein. When applied in baits, this recombinant has been shown to vaccinate the red fox in Europe and raccoons in the(More)
Four recombinant vaccinia viruses were engineered for expression of different portions of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) open reading frame. All four recombinant vaccinias contained the NS1 and NS2A genes, and each of these viruses specified the synthesis, glycosylation, and secretion of the nonstructural glycoprotein (NS1). All four recombinants(More)
Four recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing different portions of the dengue type 1 virus (DEN-1) genome (C-prM-E-NS1-NS2A-NS2B; prM-E; prM-E-NS1-NS2A-NS2B; or NS1-NS2A) were constructed in order to establish the most immunogenic configuration of DEN-1 proteins. Both recombinants producing prM and E in the absence of C induced the synthesis of(More)
The vaccinia virus (VV) E3L gene, which encodes a potent inhibitor of the interferon (IFN)-induced, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-dependent protein kinase, PKR, is thought to be involved in the IFN-resistant phenotype of VV. The E3L gene products, p25 and p20, act as inhibitors of PKR, presumably by binding and sequestering activator dsRNA from the kinase. In(More)
The natural host of fowlpox virus is limited to avian species. When inoculated into non-avian tissue culture cells, however, fowlpox virus can initiate an abortive infection. A fowlpox virus was engineered to express rabies virus glycoprotein. On inoculation of the recombinant virus into either avian (permissive) or non-avian (non-permissive) cells, the(More)
Immunization with recombinant vaccinia viruses that specified the synthesis of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) glycoproteins protected mice from a lethal intraperitoneal challenge with JEV. Recombinants which coexpressed the genes for the structural glycoproteins, prM and E, elicited high levels of neutralizing (NEUT) and hemagglutination inhibiting (HAI)(More)
Recombinant vaccinia viruses containing the cloned hemagglutinin (HA) gene from influenza virus were constructed. The biological activity of these poxvirus vectors was demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. Expression of HA in cells infected with recombinant vaccinia was detected by using specific anti-HA antiserum and 125I-labeled protein A, showing that(More)