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OBJECTIVES Diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP/ES) can be associated with unforeseeable complications, especially when involving postprocedural pancreatitis. The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors for complications of ERCP/ES in a prospective multicentric study. METHODS One hundred fifty variables(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM The identification of factors which increase the risk of acute pancreatitis, the most common and most severe complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), is of considerable importance. However, in four large prospective studies, the reported incidence of identified risk factors for post-ERCP pancreatitis(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is associated with elevated levels of pancreatic enzymes and pancreatitis. Gabexate, a protease inhibitor, has been used to prevent pancreatic damage related to ERCP. METHODS We conducted a multicenter, double-blind comparison of gabexate (1 g given by intravenous infusion starting 30 to 90(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM Benign biliary diseases include benign biliary stricture (BBS), lithiasis, and leaks. BBSs are usually treated with plastic stent placement; use of uncovered or partially covered metallic stents has been associated with failure related to mucosal hyperplasia. Some recently published series suggest the efficacy of fully covered(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the short- and long-term efficacy of self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) in patients with colorectal obstruction and incurable cancer and the related factors that affect outcomes. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of SEMS placement for incurable colorectal obstruction in a 3-year period. SETTING Five tertiary care endoscopic centers.(More)
OBJECTIVES Prospective studies have identified a number of patient- and procedure-related independent risk factors for post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis, with different conclusions, so various questions are still open. The endoscopist's expertise, case volume, and case mix can all significantly influence the outcome of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Endoscopic variceal banding ligation (EVL), first described by Stiegmann in 1988, is now an accepted alternative to sclerotherapy (EVS) for esophageal varices with previous bleeding. However, results are conflicting in terms of complications, eradication, recurrence, rebleeding and mortality rate. We aimed to compare EVL with EVS in a(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this prospective study was to compare the feasibility, technical success rate and complication between single-step endo-ultrasonography (EUS)-guided and two-step EUS-guided drainage technique for symptomatic pancreatic pseudocyst (PP). METHODS Twenty-one PP patients with clear intra-cystic fluid that needed to be drained were divided(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Optical coherence tomography (OCT) permits high-resolution imaging of tissue microstructures using a probe that can be inserted into the main pancreatic duct (MPD) through a standard endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) catheter. This prospective study was designed to assess the diagnostic capacity of OCT to(More)
BACKGROUND Ischaemic colitis is an infrequent, but potentially fatal, complication of abdominal aortic surgery. Its presentation is often underestimated on account of a paucity of symptoms, thus the real incidence of ischaemic colitis may be higher. AIM To determine the prognostic value and sensitivity of endoscopy, early postoperative endoscopic findings(More)