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: In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Ras/cAMP/PKA pathway is involved in the regulation of cell growth and proliferation in response to nutritional sensing and stress conditions. The pathway is tightly regulated by multiple feedback loops, exerted by the protein kinase A (PKA) on a few pivotal components of the pathway. In this article, we(More)
We have applied transcriptomic and proteomic techniques to identify changes in the RNA and the protein levels in the mouse cerebellum after chronic treatment with Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Among approximately 14,000 transcripts in a mouse cDNA microarray library, we found 11 genes with altered expression. RasGRF1, a neuron-specific Ras guanine(More)
Analysis of the structure of nerve growth factor (NGF)-tyrosine kinase receptor A (TrkA) complex, site-directed mutagenesis studies and results from chemical modification of amino acid residues have identified loop 1, loop 4, and the N-terminal region of the NGF molecule as the most relevant for its biological activity. We synthesized several peptides(More)
Ras-GRF, a neuron-specific Ras exchange factor of the central nervous system, was transfected in the SK-N-BE neuroblastoma cell line and stable clones were obtained. When exposed to retinoic acid, these clones showed a remarkable enhancement of Ras-GRF expression with a concomitant high increase in the level of active (GTP-bound) Ras already after 24 h of(More)
CDC25Mm, a mouse Ras-Guanine nucleotide Exchange Factor, is specifically expressed as a product of 140 kDa (p140) in the postnatal and adult brain. Immunohistochemical analysis indicates that it is present throughout the brain particularly concentrated in discrete punctate structures. Subcellular fractionation of the mouse brain shows that p140 is present(More)
Ras-GRF1 is a neuron-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Ras proteins. Mice lacking Ras-GRF1 (-/-) are severely impaired in amygdala-dependent long-term synaptic plasticity and show higher basal synaptic activity at both amygdala and hippocampal synapses (Brambilla et al., 1997). In the present study we investigated the effects of Ras-GRF1(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Cdc25/Ras/cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) pathway plays a major role in the control of metabolism, stress resistance and proliferation, in relation to the available nutrients and conditions. The budding yeast RasGEF Cdc25 was the first RasGEF to be identified in any organism, but very little is known about its activity(More)
We recently showed that activated Ras proteins are localized to the plasma membrane and in the nucleus in wild-type cells growing exponentially on glucose, while in the hxk2Δ strain they accumulated mainly in mitochondria. An aberrant accumulation of activated Ras in these organelles was previously reported and correlated to mitochondrial dysfunction,(More)
RalGPS2 is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for RalA GTPase characterized by a C-terminal Pleckstrin Homology (PH) domain; this GEF is endogenously expressed in PC12 cells and in rat brain but its role in PC12 cells and in cell differentiation is actually unknown. Here we have shown that transient expression of RalGPS2-PH-PxxP domain in PC12 and(More)
The β-amyloid peptide is generated by the proteolysis of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by the action of β- and γ-secretase. The mechanisms underlying this process are poorly understood. Using a cell-based reporter gene assay we analysed the possible signals and pathways that could be involved in APP cleavage. We used the stable cell line HeLa AG that(More)